D46.7 FROM THE LIBRARY OF REV. LOUIS FITZGERALD BENSON, D. D. BEQUEATHED BY HIM TO THE LIBRARY OF PRINCETON THEOLOGICAL SEMINARY ScAr DlvUics Section i CONSTilUHtttldfc 1936 % AND DISCIPLINE METHODIST PROTESTANT CHURCH. BALTIMORE*. Published for the Rook committee of the Methodist Protestant Church BY JOHN J. HARROD, Book Agent of the M. P. Church. \VM. WOODDY, PRINT. 1830." r DISTRICT OF MARYLAND, SS. BE IT REMEMBERED, That on this sixth day December, in the <>••••<> fifty-fourth year of the Independence of the United \ SEAL. \ States of America. JOHN J. HARROD, Book Agent <►••/'•«> of the Methodist Protestant Church, in these United States, of the said District, hath deposited in this office, the title of » book, the right whereof he claims as proprietor, in the words fol- lowing, to wit: "The Constitution and Discipline of the Methodist Protestant Church." In conformity to the act of Congress of the United States, entitled "An Act for the encouragement of learning. by securing the copies of maps, charts and books, to the authors and proprietors of such copies during the times therein mentioned;" and also to the act enti- tled l An Act supplementary to the act, entitled an act for the en- couragement of learning, by securing the copies of maps, charts, and books, to the authors and proprietors of such copies, during the times therein mentioned, and extendiug the benefits thereof to the arts of designing, engraving,and etching historical and other prints.' PHILIP MOORE. Clirk of tht Dist. ict of Maryland. BRIEF HISTORICAL PREFACE. "In the year 17*29, two young men in England, reading the Bible, saw they could not be saved without holiness; followed after it, and incited others so to do. In 1737, they saw likewise, that men are justified before they are sanctified; but still holiness was their object. God then thrust them out to raise a holy people." These were John and Charles Wesley. "In the latter end of the year, 1739, eight or ten persons came to Mr. Wesley, in London, who appeared to be deeply convinced of sin, and earnestly groaning for redemption. They desired (as did two or three more the next day) that he would spend sometime with them in prayer, and advise them how to flee from the wrath to come, which they saw continually hanging over their heads. That he might have more time for this great work, he appointed a day when they might all come together, which IV PREFACE. from thence forward they did every week. To these and as many more as desired to join with them (for their number increased daily) he gave those advices, from time to time, which he judg- ed most needful for them; and they always con- cluded their meeting with prayer, suited to their several necessities." This was the rise of the United Society in Europe. Such a society is no other than, "a company of men having the form and seeking the power of godliness, unit- ed in order to pray together, to receive the word of exhortation, and to watch over one another in love, that they may help each other to work out their salvation." Philip Embury, a preacher from Ireland, began to preach in the city of New York, some time in the year 1766, and formed a society of his own countrymen and a few of the citizens. In the same year Captain Thomas Webb, preached in in a hired room, near the barracks. About the same time Robert Strawbridge, settled in Frede- ric county, state of Maryland, and formed some societies. Richard Boardman, and Joseph Pil- moor, came over from England, in 1769, to New York, in the character of missionaries; and to- ward the close of the year 1771, Francis Asbury and Richard Wright, came over also by the di- PREFACE. lection of Mr. Wesley, to assist the American Methodist preachers and societies. At the close of the year 1781, the methodist societies, in these United States, were organized l>\ l conference of preachers exclusively, into what M called the Methodist Episcopal Church, and made independent of Mr. Wesley. The go- vernment was so framed hy the conference, as to secure to the itinerant ministers, the unlimited ex- ercise of the legislative, executive, and judicial powers of the church, to the entire exclusion of all other classes of ministers, and all the people. Subsequent general conferences exhibited mar- ked dissatisfaction at the leading features of the government, and a very respectable minority struggled hard to effect some salutary improve- ments, but without producing any important changes. The opposition of the minority con- tinued with unabating ardour, until the member- ship became more fully acquainted with the ge- nius of the government, under which their spi- ritual guides had placed them, without their knowledge or consent. In 1820, a periodical was instituted, entitled the Wesleyan Reposito- ry, and was continued up to the sitting of the general conference of 18*24. Numerous peti- tions were presented to that body, praying for a VI PREFACE. representation of ministers and laymen in the rule making department; but no change, either in the principle or in the practical operations of the government, could be obtained. Immediately after the rise of the general con- ference of 18*24, a meeting, composed of some distinguished members of the conference, and of reformers from different parts of the United States, was held in this city, at which it was de- termined, to publish a periodical pamphlet enti- tled; "The Mutual Rights of the ministers and members of the Methodist Episcopal Church, " "for the purpose of giving the Methodist commu- nity a suitable opportunity to enter upon a calm and dispassionate discussion of the subjects in dispute." The meeting also determined to re- solve itself into a Union Society; and recom- mended that similar societies be raised in all parts of the United States, "in order to ascer- tain the number of persons in the Methodist E. Church, friendly to a change in her government. " This measure was followed by much persecu- tion of reformers. In Tennessee, fourteen offi- cial members were expelled for attempting to form a Union Society. Some time during the spring of the year 1826, the Baltimore Union Society, recommend- ed state conventions to be held in the several Mill Ml states, for the exclusive purpose of making in- ijniry into the propriety of preparing one united petition to the approaching general conference of [828, praying for Rbprssentatiow; and to elect delegates to meet in a general convention for the purpose. Conventions were according- ly held, and delegates elected; in consequence of which, reformers, in different parts of the coun- try, were made to feel the displeasure of men in power. In North Carolina, several members of the Granville Union Society, were expelled for being members thereof. In the fall of 18*27, eleven ministers were suspended, and finally expelled from the Methodist E. Church in this city, and twenty-two laymen, for being members of the union society, and supporters of the mutual rights. About fifty of the female friends of the suspended and expelled brethren immediately withdrew from the church, after addressing a letter to the preacher in charge, in which they say; ^to find our dear companions, fathers, brothers, children and friends, treated as crimi- nals and enemies, persecuted, suspended, and expelled; denounced as backsliders and distur- bers of the peace, and ourselves treated coldly and distantly by our former friends, and by our pastors; and all for a nun differena of opinion about church government, is more than we fuel Till PREFACE. bound in christian charity longer to endure; and, therefore, we feel it our duty, in the fear of God, to withdraw from the church." The expelled brethren and their friends immediately organized under Mr. Wesleys' general rules, taking the title of, the Associated Methodist Reformers. November, 1827, the general convention as- sembled in this city, composed of ministers and lay delegates, elected by the state conventions and union societies. This convention pre- pared a memorial to the general conference of May 1828, praying that the government of the church might be made representative, and more in accordance with the mutual rights of the ministers and people. To this memorial, the general conference replied, in a circular, by claiming for the itinerant ministers of their church, an exclusive divine right to the same un- limited and unamenable power which they had exercised over the whole church, from the es- tablishment of their government in 1784. Soon after the rise of the general conference several reformers in Cincinnati, Lynchburg, and other places, were expelled for being members of union societies^ and supporters of the mutual rights. The reformers now perceiving, that all hope of obtaining a change in the government of the church had vanished, withdrew in considerable PBS] i\ numbers, in different parts of the United St and called another general convention, to as- semble in this qjty, November 12, 1828. This convention drew up s< vcnteen " Articles of As- sociation" to serve as a provisional government for the Associated Methodist Churches, until a Constitution and book of Discipline could be prepared by a subsequent convention, to beheld in November 1830. Agreeably to appointment, the Convention as- sembled, in the city of Baltimore, in St. John's Church, Liberty street, on the 2nd day of November, 1830, and continued its session to the 23rd inclusive. During which period it formed, and adopted the following Constitution and Discipline, for the government of the Meth- odist Protestant Church. The Rev. Francis Waters, D.D. of Baltimore, was elected President; Mr. Win. C. Lipscomb, of Georgetown, D. C. was chosen Secretary, and Mr. William S. Stockton, of Philadelphia, assistant Secretary. The following named persons were duly elect- ed members of the Convention, by the re- tive annual conferences of the Associated Meth- odist Churches. « Delegates elected to the General Cox vention. VERMONT CONFERENCE. Rev. Nathaniel Gage, Mr. Daniel Norton, MASSACHUSETTS CONFERENCE. Rev. Thos. F. Norris. Col. Amos Binney. NEW YORK AND CANADA CONFER- ENCE. Rev. Daniel Bromley. GENNESSEE CONFERENCE. Rev. Isaac Fister, Mr. John Woodward, Rev. Elias B. Dare, " William G. Miller, *Rev. James Covel, " Eden Foster, Rev. Orren Miller, " Richard Harris, NEW YORK CONFERENCE. Rev. George Thomas, Mr. George Smith, PENNSYLVANIA CONFERENCE. Rev. John Smith, Caleb Rodney, Esq. Thomas Pearson, Mr. Arch'd Campbell, Hiram R. Harrold, Geo. A. Raybold, Samuel Budd, James Brindle, Dr. Thos. Dunn, K. S. Cropper, Dr. Phineas Price, Taber Chadvvick, Ebenezer Cropper, (% Arnold S. Naudain. " Jeremiah Stull, " Uriah Baxter, " Elisha Chew,. " David B. Salter, " James Moore, " Robert Hodgson, * Those in italics were not present. Rev. S. Hutchinson, Dr* Win. K.Mason, '• Dr. Win. Morgan, Mr. Daniel R. Acklvy, " John Frrnon, " Jeremiah Waftom, " David Rundell, " Wm. S. Stockton, MARYLAND Ministers. Rev. Eli Henkle, • W. W. Wallace, Dr. J. S. Reese, " D. B. Dorsey, 11 T.H.Stockton, 11 Isaac Webster, 11 Wm. C. Pool, 11 Dr. S.K.Jennings, " F. Waters, D.D. 11 J. R. Williams, " D. Zollickofler, 11 Benj. Richardson, 11 S. Linthicum, " Thos. Melvin, conference: Lay Delegates. Hon. Phil. B. Hopper, Mr. Gideon Davis, " John J. Harrod, 11 Henry Willis, (\>1. W.DouAtj, Mr. Daniel McLeod, J. H. Devor, Esq. Mr. Abner Linlhicurn, '* Elias Crutchiey, 11 Lewis Shipley, " Henry Webster, 11 John Constable, James Parrott, Esq. Mr. Rich'd Chambers. VIRGINIA CONFERENCE. Ministers. Rei . AJex'd McCaine, <: Dr. John French, " Dr. Crawley Finney, 11 Dr.J.W.Holcombe, " Miles King, 11 Benedict Burgess, Lay Delegates. Everard Hall, Esq. Mr. John Victor, " W.S. Sclater, sen. Dr. Andrew Wood ley. Dr. Hiram Harding, Mr. B. Starke. (XII) NORTH CAROLINA CONFERENCE. Ministers. Lay Delegates. Rev. Wm. W. Hill, S. Whitaker, Esq. " Willis Harris, Mr. John F. Bellamy, 11 Josiah R. Horn, " Ivy Harris. GEORGIA CONFERENCE. Ministers. Lay Delegates. Rev. Aaron G. Brewer, Col. R. A. Blount, " Eppes Tucker, Charles Kennon, Esq. ALABAMA CONFERENCE. Minister. Lay Delegate. Rev. Britton Capel, Dr. Edward H. Cook, OHIO CONFERENCE. Ministers. Lay Delegates. Rev. Asa Shinn, Mr. James Foster, " Cornelius Springer, " Wilson S. Thorn, 11 Nicholas Snethen, •' Thos. McKeever, " George Brown, " J. B. W. Haynes, " Charles Avery, " John Souder, tm John Fordyce, " D. P. Wilkins, 11 Matthew Nelson, " Stephen Beall } " David Edwards, " H. C. Dorsey. WESTERN VIRGINIA CONFERENCE. Minister. Lay Delegate. Rev. George A. Read, Mr. Jas. Carpenter. CONSTITUTION OF TIM. METHODIST PROTESTANT W E, t ho Representatives of the Associated Methodist Churches, in General Convention rfpsembledj acknowledging the Lord Jesus Christ, as the only Head of the Church, and the word of God, as the sufficient rule of faith and practice, in all things pertaining to godli- and being fully persuaded, that the re- presentative form of church government is the most scriptural, best suited to our condi- tion, and most congenial with our views and feelings as fellow-citizens with the saints, and of the house-hold of God; AND, Whereas, a written Constitution, establishing the form of government, and securing to the Ministers and Members of the Church their rights and privileges, is the best safeguard of Christian liberty; We, therefore, trusting in the protec- tion of Almighty God, and acting in the name and by the authority of our constituents, do ordain and establish, and agree to be govern- ed by the following elementary principles and Constitution: o 14 ELEMENTARY PRINCIPLES. 1. A Christian Church is a society of be- lievers in Jesus Christ, and is of divine insti- tution. 2 Christ is the only Head of the Church; and the word of God the only rule of faith and conduct. 3 No person who loves the Lord Jesus Christ, and obeys the gospel of God our Sa- viour, ought to be deprived of church mem- bership. 4 Every man has an inalienable right to private judgment, in matters of religion; and an equal right to express his opinion, in any way which will not violate the laws of God, or the rights of his fellow men. 5 Church trials should be conducted on gos- pel principles only; and no minister or mem- ber should be excommunicated except for im- morality; the propagation of unchristian doc- trines; or for the neglect of duties enjoined by the word of God. 6 The pastoral or ministerial office and du- ties are of divine appointment; and all elders in the church of God are equal; but ministers are forbidden to be lords over God's heritage, or to have dominion over the faith of the saints. 7 The church has a right to form and en- force such rules and regulations only, as are in accordance with the holy scriptures, and may be necessary or have a tendency to carry into effect the great system of practical Christianity. 8 Whatever power may be necessary to cow 11 ruTioK. 15 the formation of rules and regulations, i- in- herent in the ministers ami members of the church; but so much of that power may be ited, from time to time, upon a plan of representation, as they may judge necessary and proper. 9 It is the duty of all ministers and mem- bers of the Church to maintain godliness, and to oppose all moral evil. 10 It is obligatory on ministers of the gos- pel to be faithful in the discharge of their pastoral and ministerial duties; and it is also obligatory on the members, to esteem min- isters highly for their works' sake, and to render them a righteous compensation for their labours. 1 1 The Church ought to secure to all her otlicial bodies the necessary authority for the purposes of good government; but she has no right to create any distinct or independent sovereignties. CONSTITUTION. ARTICLE I. Title. This Association shall be denominated, The Methodist Proi »> r \vr Church, com- prising the Associated Methodist Churches. ARTICLE II. Terms of Membership. I. There is only one condition Required of those who apply for membership in an Asso- 16 CONSTITUTION. ciated Methodist Church, viz: A desire to flee from the wrath to come, and be saved by grace, through faith in our Lord Jesus Christ; with, an avowed determination to walk in all the commandments of God blameless. But those who may continue therein, must give evidence of this desire and determina- tion, by conforming to such rules of moral discipline as the word of God requires. II. There shall be a state of probationary privileges in which persons shall be held as candidates for admission into membership in this Church, preparatory to their being re- ceived into full membership, by a compliance with the terms thereof. III. The children of our members, and those under their guardianship, shall be re- cognized as enjoying probationary privileges, and held as candidates for membership; and may be put into classes, as such, with the consent of their parents or guardians. ARTICLE III. Division into Districts, Circuits, and Stations. I. Those parts of the United States em- braced by this Association, shall be divided into districts, having respectively such boun- daries as may be agreed on at this Conven- tion, subject to those alterations which may be made or authorized, from time to time, by the General Conference. II. Each district shall be divided into cir- C0HITITUT10N. 17 Ooitfl and Itations, by its annual conference. III. Kvrrv minister or preacher, removing dom one district to another; and every mem- ber retaoving from one circuit, station, or church to another, having a certificate of his or her good Standing, shall be entitled to membership in any other district, circuit, sta- tion or Associated Methodist Church within the limits of this Association, to which he or she may apply for membership. ARTICLE IV. On receiving Churches, fyd I. Any number of believers united as a religious Society or Church, embracing the principles of religious truth held by this As- sociation, adopting this Constitution, and conforming to our book of discipline, and means of grace, shall, at their request, made to the president of an annual conference, or the superintendent of a circuit or station, be recognized as an Associated Methodist Church, and be entitled to all the privileges granted by this Constitution; subject, how- ever, to the decision of the most adjacent quarterly conference. II. An associated church or society shall be composed of any number of members residing sufficiently near each other to as- semble statedly for public worship, and to transact its temporal business. And every church shall be divided, when it becomes ne- 2* IS CONSTITUTION. cessary, into smaller companies or classes, for the purposes of religious instruction and edi- fication. III. Every church or society shall have power, by the concurrence of a majority of two-thirds of its qualified male members, pre- sent at any meeting called for the purpose, to purchase, build, lease, sell, rent, or otherwise obtain or dispose of property, for the mu- tual benefit of the church. Each church shall also have power to admit persons into full membership; and to try, censure, or expel un- worthy members, in accordance with the pro- visions of this constitution, and the rules of discipline. IV. But no church whatever shall be con- tinued in connexion with this Association, which does not conform to this constitution, and the regulations contained in the book of discipline; or which may hereafter reject any part or provision thereof. ARTICLE Y. Leaders' Meeting. In every station there shall be a leaders' meeting, composed of all the class leaders and stewards; the superintendent shall be chairman of the meeting. ARTICLE VI. Quarterly Conferences. I. There shall be four Quarterly Conferen- ces in each circuit and station, in every con- ference year, to be composed of all the min- CONSTITUTION. 19 isters,* preachers, exhorters, stewards and lea- ders, and trustees, in full membership, belong* ing to 1 1 1 < ^ circuit or station; Provided that the superintendent shall have authority to call special meetings of the quarterly conference at other tunes, when circumstances make it necessary. II. Each quarterly conference shall he vested with power to examine into the offi- cial character of all its members, and to ad- monish or reprove as occasion may require; to grant to persons, properly qualified and recommended by the class of which the ap- plicant is a member, license to preach and ex- hort, and renew their license annually; to ad- mit ministers and preachers coming from any associated church; to recommend ministers and preachers to the annual conference to travel, and for ordination; to hear and decide on appeals; and to perform such other du- ties as are authorized by this convention. Provided, nevertheless, that no person shall he licensed to preach until he shall have been first examined, and recommended by a com- mittee of five, composed of ministers and laymen, chosen by the quarterly conference. ARTICLE VII. Composition and powers of the Annual Con- i uces. 1 There shall be held annually within the limits of each district, a Conference, to be * A minister is one who is ordained; a preacher acts under a license. 20 CONSTITUTION. denominated the annual conference, com- posed of all the ordained itinerant ministers belonging to the district: that is, all ministers properly under the stationing authority of the conference; and of one delegate from each circuit and station for each of its itinerant ministers; provided, however, that every cir- cuit and station shall have at least one dele- gate. Each annual conference shall regu- late the manner of elections, in its own dis- trict; provided, however, that the election of delegates to the first annual conferences, under this constitution, shall be according to such regulations as may be adopted for that purpose by the quarterly conferences of the respective circuits and stations. II The annual conferences respectively, shall be vested with power to elect a presi- dent, annually; to examine into the official con- duct of all its members; to receive by vote, such ministers and preachers into the confer- ence as come properly recommended, and who can be efficiently employed as itinerant preachers, or missionaries; to elect to orders those who are eligible and competent to the pastoral office; to hear and decide on appeals; to define and regulate the boundaries of cir- cuits and stations: to station the ministers, preachers and missionaries; and to perform such other duties as are prescribed by this Convention, or may be prescribed by the Gen- eral Conference. III. To make such rules and regulations as may be necessary to defray the expenses CONfttlTUTIOff* 21 of the itinerant ministers preacheraand their families; to raise the amount of their .salaries ■S fixed by the convention, ami for all other pu; i Qecled with the organization and continuance of said conferences. IV The annual conferences, respectively, shall also have authority to perforin the fol- lowing additional duties: — 1st To make such special rules and regu- lations as the peculiarities of the district may require; provided, however, that no rule or regulation be made, inconsistent with this constitution. And provided, furthermore, that the general conference shall have power to annul any rule or regulation which that body may deem unconstitutional. Sd. To prescribe and regulate the mode of Stationing the ministers and preachers within the district; provided always, that they grant to each minister or preacher stationed, an appeal, during the sitting of the conference. 3d, Each annual conference shall have exclusive power to make its own rules and regulations for the admission and government of coloured members within its district; and to make for them such terms of suffrage as the ceoferena Lively may deem proper. But neither the general conference nor any annual conference, shall assume pow- er to interfere with the constitutional pow- ers of the civil governments, or with the op- erations of the civil laws; yet, nothing herein contained shall be so construed as to author- 22 CONSTITUTION. ize or sanction any thing inconsistent with the morality of the holy scriptures. Each annual conference shall keep a Journal of its proceedings, and send a copy to the general conference. ARTICLE VIII. Composition of the General Conference. I. There shall be a General Conference of this Association, on the first Tuesday in May, in the year of our Lord 1834, in Georgetown, District of Columbia, and on the first Tuesday in May every seventh year thereafter, in such place as may be determined on by the confer- ence. II. The general conference shall consist of an equal number of ministers and laymen. The ratio of representation from each district shall be one minister and one layman for every thousand persons in full member- ship; Provided, however, that any district which may not have one thousand members shall be entitled to two representatives, one minister and one layman, until a different ratio shall be fixed by the general conference. III. The number of representatives to which each district may be entitled, shall be elected at the time, and place of holding the annual conference of the district, next pre- ceding the sitting of the general conference, by the joint ballot of an electoral college, com- CONSTITl TIOK. H posed of the itinerant ministers and delegates belonging to the annual conference, and of one minuter, who is not under the stationing authority of the conference, provided there l>c such, from eaeh circuit and station within the limits of the district- The minister thus added from each circuit and station, shall he elected at the time and place of holding the quarterly confert nee. by the ministers in his circuit or station, not under the stationing power of the annual conference. Provided, however, that the Delegates from the respective circuits and stations, be laymen; and provided, also, that it require the affirmative vote of a majority of all the lay delegates present, as well as of a majority of the votes of all the ministers pre- sent, to constitute the election of any repre- sentative to the general conference. IV . The general conference shall elect hy ballot, a president to preside over its delibe- rations; and one or more secretaries, to serve during the sitting of the conference; shall also judge of election returns, and qualifications of its own members, and form its own rules of order. A majority of all the representatives in attendance, shall con- stitute a quorum. V. The ministers and laymen shall deli- berate in one body; but if, upon the final passage of any question, it be required by three members, the ministers and laymen shall vote separately, and the concurrence of a majority of both classes of representatives 24 CONSTITUTION. shall be necessary to constitute a vote of the Conference. — A similar regulation shall be observed by the annual conferences. VI. The yeas and nays shall be recorded at the call of one-fifth part of the members present. VII. The conference shall publish such parts of the journal of its proceedings, as it may deem requisite. VIII. All papers, books, &c. belonging to the conference, shall be preserved as that body may direct. ARTICLE IX. Powers of the General Conference. I. The General Conference shall have pow- er to make rules and regulations for the Itin- erant, Missionary, Literary, and every other department of the Church, recognized by this Constitution. II. To fix the compensation and duties of the itinerant ministers and preachers, and the allowance for their wives, widows and chil- dren; and also, the compensation and duties of the Book Agent, Editor, &,c. and to de- vise ways and means for raising funds. III. To regulate, from time to time, the number of representatives to the General Con- ference; provided, that the General Confer- ence shall at no time exceed one hundred members. IV. To define and regulate the bounda- I <t\«TITTTION\ 25 ries of the respective annual conference dis- tricts; provided, however, that the annual conference of any two or more districts, shall have power, by mutual agreement, to alter their respective adjoining boundaries, or to unite and become one district, or to set off a new district; to receive into their re- spective limits and jurisdiction any station or circuit, which does not belong to some other district; but every alteration made in the boundaries of the respective districts, -shall be reported to the ensuing general conference. ARTICLE X. Restrictions on the Legislative Assemblies. I. No rule shall be passed which shall con- travene any law of God. II. No rule shall be passed which shall in- fringe the right of suffrage, eligibility to of- fice, or the rights and privileges of our minis- ters, preachers, and members, to an impar- tial trial by committee, and of an appeal, as provided by this constitution. III. No rule shall be passed infringing the liberty of speech, or of the press; but for every abuse of liberty, the offender shall be dealt with as in other cases of indulging in sinful words and tempers. IV. No rule, except it be founded on the holy scriptures, shall be passed authorizing the expulsion of any minister, preacher or member. 3 2C CONSTITUTION* V. No rule shall be passed appropriating' the funds of the church to any purpose ex- cept the support of the ministry, their wives, widows and children; the promotion of educa- tion, and missions; the diffusion of useful knowledge; the necessary expenses conse- quent on assembling the Conferences, and the relief of the poor. VI. No higher order of ministers shall be authorized than that of elder. VII. No rule shall be passed to abolish an efficient itinerant ministry, or to authorize the annual conferences to station their min- isters and preachers longer than three years, successively, in the same circuit, and two years successively in the same station. VIII. No change shall be made in the re- lative proportions, or component parts of the general or annual conferences- ARTICLE XL Officers of the Church. Presidents of the Annual Conferences. 1. The President of each Annual Conference shall be elected annually, by the ballot of a majority of the members of the conference. He shall not be eligible more than three years successively; and shall be amenable to that body for his official conduct. 2. It shall be the duty of the president of an CONSTITUTION. 27 annual conference, to preside in all meetings of that body; to travel through the district, and viMt all the circuits and stations, and to be present, a- far as practicable, at all the quar- terly meetings ami camp meetings of hi- dis- trict; and. m the recess of conference, with the assistance of two or more elders, to ordain those person! who may be elected to order-; to employ such ministers, preachers, and mis- sionaries, as are duly recommended; and to make such changes of preachers as may bo necessary, provided the consent of the preach- ers to be changed, be first obtained; and to perform such other duties as may be required by his annual conference. Ministers. 1. The minister, who shall be appointed by the annual conference, to the charge of a sta- tion or circuit, shall be styled, the Superinten- dent; and shall be amenable to the annual conference for his ollicial conduct. 2. The minister or preacher appointed by the annual conference to assist the super- intendent in the discharge of his pastoral duties, shall be styled the Assistant; and shall be amenable to the annual conference for the faithful discharge of duty, 3. It shall be the duty of every minister and preacher belonging to a circuit or station, to render all tin pastoral assistance he can, con- sistently with his other engagements; but no minister or preacher shall be accountable to 26 CONSTITUTION. the annual conference for the discharge of ministerial duty, except he be an itinerant minister or preacher; all others shall be ac- countable to the quarterly conference of their circuit or station. 4. No person shall be recognized as an itine- rant minister, preacher or missionary, whose name is not enrolled on the annual confer- ence list, or who will not be subject to the or- der of the conference. Class Leaders. The class leaders maybe elected annually by the members of their respective classes; but if, in any instance, a class shall neglect or refuse to elect a leader, when one is want- ed, it shall then be the duty of the superin- tendent to nominate a class leader for said class, and from the nomination or nomina- tions made by the superintendent, the class shall make an election. Conference Stewards. The Conference Steward shall be elected annually by the annual conference, and dis- charge those duties assigned to him by the discipline, and be amenable to the annual conference for his official conduct. Station and Circuit Stewards. The Station and Circuit Stewards shall be elected annually; in the stations, by the male CONJTI TTTION. 29 members, including ministers and preachers; and in the circuits, by the quarterly confer- ence; Inn every qualified male member, if present, shall be permitted to vote in the elec- tion of circuit stewards. The number of stewards tor each circuit or station to be not less than ihree, nor more than seven. ARTICLE XII. Suffrage and Eligibility to Office. I. Every minister and preacher, and every white, lay, male member, m full communion and fellowship, having attained to the age of twenty one years, shall be entitled to vote in all cai II. Every minister and preacher, and every white, lay, male member, in full com- munion and fellowship, having attained to the aire of twenty-five years, and having been in full membership two years, shall be eligible as a representative in the general confer- ence. III. No person shall be eligible as a delegate to the annual conference, or as a steward', who has not attained to the age of twentv- one years, and who is not a regular com- municant of this Church. IV. No minister shall be eligible to the othce of President of an annual conference, until he shall have faithfully exercised the office of elder two vears. 3 # 30 CONSTITUTION*. ARTICLE XIII. Judiciary Principles, I. All offences condemned by the word of God, as being sufficient to exclude a person from the kingdom of grace and glory, shall subject ministers, preachers and members, to expulsion from the church. II. The neglect of duties required by the word of God, or the indulgence in sinful words and tempers, shall subject the offender to admonition; and if persisted in, after re- peated admonitions, to expulsion. III. For preaching or disseminating un- scriptural doctrines, affecting the essential in- terests of the christian system, ministers, preachers, and members, shall be liable to .admonition; and, if incorrigible, to expul- sion: Provided always, that no minister, preacher or member, shall be expelled for disseminating matters of opinion alone, ex- cept they be such as are condemned by the word of God. IV. All officers of the church shall be lia- ble to removal from office, for maladminis- tration. ARTICLE XIV. Privileges of accused Ministers and Members, I. In all cases of accusation against a min- ister, preacher, or member, the accused shall be furnished by the proper authorities, with a CONSTITUTION. 31 copy of the charges and specifications, at least twenty days before the time appointed for the trial; unless the parties concerned prefer going into trial on shorter notice. The accused shall have the right of challenge; the privilege of examining witnesses at the time of trial; and of making his defence in person or by representative; provided such representative he a member of the church. II. No minister, or preacher, shall be ex- pelled, or deprived of church privileges, or ministerial functions, without an impartial trial before a committee, of from three to five ministers or preachers, and the right of ap- peal; the preachers, to the ensuing quarterly conference; the ministers to the ensuing an- nual conference. III. No member shall be expelled or deprived of church privileges, without an impartial trial before a committee of three or more lay mem- bers, or before the society of which he is a member, as the accused may require, and the right of an appeal to the ensuing quarter- ly conference; but no committee man who shall have sat on the first trial, shall sit on the appeal; and all appeals shall be final. ARTICLE XV. Discipline Judiciary. 1 Whenever a majority of all the annual conferences shall officially call for a judicial 32 CONSTITUTION. decision on any rule or act of the general conference, it shall be the duty of each and every annual conference to appoint, at its next session, one judicial delegate, having the same qualifications of eligibility as are required for a representative to the general conference. The delegates thus chosen, shall assemble at the place where the gener- al conference held its last session, on the second Tuesday in May following their ap- pointment. II. A majority of the delegates shall consti- tute a quorum; and if two-thirds of all pre- sent, judge said rule or act of the general conference unconstitutional, they shall have power to declare the same null and void. III. Every decision of the Judiciary shall be in writing, and shall be published in the pe- riodical belonging to this church. After the Judiciary shall have performed the duties as- signed them by this constitution, their pow- ers shall cease; and no other judiciary shall be created until after the session of the suc- ceeding general conference. ARTICLE XVI. Special call of the General Conference, 1 Two-thirds of the whole number of the annual conferences, shall have power to call special meetings of the general conference. II. When it shall have been ascertained CONSTITUTION. 83 that two-thirds of the annual conferences have decided in favour of such call, it shall be the duty of the presidents, or a majority of them, forthwith, to designate the time and place of holding the same, and to give due notice to all the stations and circuits. ARTICLE XVII. Provision for Altering the Constitution. I. The General Conference shall have power to amend any part of this Consti- tution, except the second, tenth and four- teenth articles, by making such alterations or additions, as may be recommended in writing, by two-thirds of the whole number of tho annual conferences, next preceding the sit- ting of the general conference. II. The second, tenth and fourteenth arti- cles of this constitution shall be unaltera- ble, except by a general convention, called for the special purpose, by two-thirds of the whole number of the annual conferences, next preceding the general conference. Which convention, and all other conventions of this church, shall be constituted and elect- ed in the same manner and ratio, as prescribed for the general conference. When a Gen- eral convention is called by the annual con- ferences, it shall supercede the assembling of the general conference for that period; and shall have power to discharge all the duties 34 CONSTITUTION. of that body, in addition to the particular object for which the convention shall have been as- sembled. Resolved, That the Judiciary tribunal provided for by the 15th article of the constitution of this Church, shall publish as well the reasons of their opinion upon the part or provision of the con- stitution supposed to have been contravened by the law, or laws, provision or provisions, con- sidered to be unconstitutional, together with their decision. Whereas, It is declared by this convention, that whatever power may be necessary to the formation of rules and regulations, is inherent in the ministers and members of the Church; and that so much of that power may be delegated from time to time, upon a plan of representation, as they may judge proper; therefore, Resolved, that all power not delegated to the respective of- ficial bodies of the Methodist Protestant Church by this convention, are retained to said ministers and members. Baltimore, Nov. 20, 1830. DISCIPLINE \1>MI--I<>\ TO HI HBBRSHIP« I ition, Article ii. 1 . \ pplicttion for admission to church fellow- ship must 1"' made to the superintendent, or in sence, to anj minister, preacher or lead- er, whose (hay it shall be, with the consent of >ciety or class, to enter the name of the applicant <»n the lisl of probationers. \t. In stations, where the church does not direot an\ other mode, admittance to full mem- bership shall be b) the vote of a majority of the • a regular leaders' meeting; but no i shall be admitted to lull membership by a leaders 1 meeting, without a recommendation from the class of which he or she is a member. S. In circuits, the list of probationers shall be occasionally read over, by one of the officiat- ing ministers; and, in every instance where ama- cietj or class v ote for the admis- sion of any person whose name stands on the list, the probationer shall he admitted to full membership. TRIAL OF MINISTERS, P&C&CHERS \\l> II RUBERS. See the Constitution, Articles xiii and xiv. 1. When a charge of immorality, or any other offence, recognized by the thirteenth article of 36 TRIAL OF MINISTERS, the constitution, is preferred against a minister or preacher, the superintendent, or in his ab- sence any other minister belonging to the circuit or station, whom he may select, after duly notify- ing the person accused, shall appoint a commit- tee of not less than three, nor more than five ministers or preachers, before whom the accused shall appear, at the time and place designated for the trial. The accused may object to any member of the committee, on account of his having prejudged the case; being prejudiced against the accused; or of being interested in the decision. The chal- lenge may extend to twice the number of the original committee. The superintendent, or ex- ecutive officer in the case, shall be confined to the limits of the district in his selections of ministers or preachers to serve on the commit- tee. During any trial, the ministers, preachers, and members of the church may attend. 2. Accused members shall be tried by a com mittee created in the following manner; viz. The accused shall nominate two persons in full membership and good standing. The class of which he or she is a member shall nomitate two more members, in like good standing; and the four persons thus chosen shall appoint a fifth, which five persons shall constitute a competent court of trial. But should the accused refuse, or neglect to nominate, as above provided, when timely notice shall have been given, the pre- siding minister shall nominate two members of the committee on behalf of the accused. i'Kiw< in us and UMIIMN : W Provided, however, that the accused shall have the right to challenge any person chwen as a committee man. by the class, l>\ assigning isfactory reasons for sodping, of winch tin- class shall judge: and provided also, the presiding officer shall have the right to challenge the choice of the accused by shewing good cause, of which the claaa Bhall also judge. .'). A y -crciary shall be appointed by thecoma mitteO) to t;ikc down regular minutes of the ev- idence and proceedings of the trial; which, to- gether with a copy of the decision, and all other documents belonging to the trial, shall be pre- lerved bj the superintendent, \\\\<> shall furnish each of the parties with a copy of the decision, if required. 4. If the accused be found guilty of the of- . the committee, or a majority thereof, shall, in their decision, name the penalty to which the accused shall be subjected. And the superintendent shall carry it into effect. 5. In every instance of condemnation, the accused minister, preacher or member determin- ing to appeal from the decision of the commit- tee, shall signify in writing, to the executive min- ister, within twenty days after the close of the trial, his determination to appeal, and in default thereof his appeal shall not lie. 6. If an accused minister, preacher, or mem- ber evade trial by absenting himself; after due no- tice shall have been given him, the investiga- Ition before the committee shall, nevertheless 3S TRIAL OF MINISTERS, &,C be instituted, and the testimony heard; and rf a majority of the committee find him guilty of the charge, the executive minister shall carry the sentence into effect. 7. Should the accused person be the super- intendent, the official notifications, appoint- ment of the committee, &c. shall be performed by the president of the district, or such other min- ister as he may appoint for the purpose. 8. In all cases of personal offence between brethren, the direction of our Lord in Mat. xviii. 15, — 17, shall be pursued. "Moreover, if thy brother shall trespass against thee, go and tell him his fault between thee and him alone: if he shall hear thee, thou hast gained thy brother." "But if he will not hear thee, then take with thee one or two more, that in the mouths' of two or three witnesses every word may be es- tablished. 5> "And if he shall neglect to hear them, tell it unto the church: but if he neglect to hear the church, let him be unto thee as a heathen and a publican." 9. On any dispute between two or more mem- bers of our church, concerning the payment of debts, or otherwise, which cannot be settled by the parties concerned, the superintendent shall recommend to the contending parties a refer- ence, consisting of one arbiter chosen by the plaintiff and another by the defendant; the two arbiters to choose a third, a majority of whom shall decide the case. N leaders' mlltinu. See the Constitution, Article v. 1. The leaders' meeting, and all other church meeting*, shall be opened and concluded with prayer. A xcrctarv shall he appointed by the meeting annually, or oftener if necessary, whose duty it shall be, to make a fair record of the pro- ' ceedmgs in a hook kept for the purpc 2. The names of all the leaders shall be called over at every meeting, noting those present or absent and the amount each leader pays over to the stewards or treasurer, as weekly or quar- terly collections from his class. 3 The leaders' class books shall be examined quarterly, by the meeting. 4. The leaders' meeting shall occasionally in- quire into the punctuality of each leader in meet- ing his class, visiting his sick* and delinquent members, and his attendance at the leaders' meeting; and all prudent means shall be em- ployed to induce faithfulness in the discharge of these important duties. 5. The list of probationers shall be read over at least once a month, and all those probationer who have the proper recommendation from their class, and obtain the vote of a majority of all the leaders present, shall be admitted to full member- ship, and reported to the church on the first suit- able occasion. It shall be the duty of the respec- •Sick members should inform their leader of their in- disposition. 40 QUARTERLY CONFERENCE. tive leaders, on the following class day, to inform such persons of their reception, and to exhort them to faithfulness and diligence in the service of the Lord. 6. Inquiry shall be made by the superinten- dent, at every meeting, for the sick, and those who may need a pastoral visit. 7. All appropriations for the relief of the poor in the station, shall be made by the leaders' meet- ing, and applied by the stewards; who shall visit the suffering member or members, in company with the leader, and administer to their necessi- ties, in the manner prescribed by the meeting. 8. The leaders' meeting shall appoint times for holding general class meetings, for the pur- poses of giving all the members an opportunity of speaking the one to the other of the grace and mercy of God, and of uniting in prayer for the out-pouring of the holy spirit, and the revival of true andundefiled religion in all the churches. On those occasions, the superintendent, or one of the other ministers, shall conduct the meeting, and particularly avail himself of the op- portunity to excite in the members holy affec- tionsj heavenly mindedness, and zeal for the glory of God, and the salvatiouof men. QUARTERLY CONFERENCE. See the Constitution, Article vi. I. The quarterly conference shall be organ- ized by the appointment of a chairman and secretary; and opened by reading a portion of scripture and prayer. QUARTERLY COW EM* 41 2. Should I charge of immorality, neglect of christian duty, <»r of disseminating unscriptural doctrines, bo exhibited against any member of the conference during the examination, the ac- cusation, together with the names of the ac- cuser and witi shall be referred to the proper authorities, to be investigated in accord- ance with discipline 3. The first quarterly conference in each con- ference year, shall appoint a committee of animation to assist, advise and examine candi- dates for the ministry. It shall be the duty of the committee, to see that the candidates pur- sue the course of reading prescribed by the dis- cipline; to examine them occasionally on doc- trines, and religious experience* and, when they shall have made the necessary attainments, to give them a written testimonial of their qualifications. But no committee shall give a testimonial, ex- cept the candidate be a man of unexceptionable moral character, genuine piety, and have respec- table attainments, at least, an ability to state, and defend the leading doctrines of Christianity. No person shall be licensed to preach, ex- cept he present a testimonial from the com- mittee of examination. The following questions shall be put to each candidate, and if he answer them satisfactorily he may be licensed. Have you faith in Christ; and are you striving to be holy in heart, and in all manner of conver- sation? 4* 42 QUARTERLY CONFERENCE. Have you any other motive in requesting li- cense to preach, than a desire to be instru- mental in edifying the church of God, calling sinners to repentance, and saving your own soul and those that hear you? Do you believe that the holy Scriptures of the Old and New Testaments contain all things ne- cessary to salvation? Have you examined our constitution and dis- cipline; do you approve of them, and are you willing to comply with their requirements? Are you solvent? 4. The quarterly conference shall designate the times and places for preaching in the circuit or station, and every new preaching place, shall be reported to the ensuing quarterly conference, and if approved of by that body, shall be entered on the list of appointments; and no appointment on a circuit shall be discontinued, without the approbation of the quarterly conference. 5. The quarterly conference of each circuit and station shall keep a register, in which shall be entered the names of all the males in full membership, over the age of twenty-one years; and the baptisms and marriages. 6. The time and place for holding the suc- ceeding quarterly conference, shall be determin- ed on by the conference; and it shall be the duty of the superintendent, to give public notice from all the pulpits, at least four weeks prior to the sitting of the conference in a circuit, and two weeks in a station. 7. In all appeals brought before the quarterly ANNTAI, < ONFF.RFNCn. 43 conference, the same order shall be observed, and the s;mic privilege! accorded to the appel- ant and accuser as are granted in appeals be- fore the annual conference! 8. No minister, preacher, or official member, who ah all have been suspended by a committee, shall perform the duties of his oflice while his appeal is pending; and no person who shall have sat on a case in committee, or who was the ac- cuser shall be permitted to vote on the appeal. 9. Each quarterly conference, shall have pow- er to receive ministers and preachers of other denominations into full fellowship and ministe- rial standing, on receiving satisfactory testimo- nials from the applicant. ANNUAL CONFERENCE. . See the Constitution, Article vii. 1. The president of the last year shall open the conference by reading a portion of the word of God, and prayer. He shall preside in the conference until the president for the ensuing year shall have been elected. A secretary shall be appointed to serve during the sitting of the conference* 2. The conference shall judge of election re- turns, and qualifications of the delegates.* A majority of all the members in attendance shall constitute a quorum. * At the annual conference next preceding the gene- ral conference, all the delegates must be laymen. 44 ANNUAL CONFERENCE. 3. Should a charge of immorality, be prefer- red against any ministerial member of the con- ference, during the examination of character, the accusation, together with the names of the accu- ser and witnesses shall be referred to the presi- dent of the conference, to be investigated by com- mittee, in the circuit or station where the suppos- ed offence is alleged to have been committed. 4. No minister or preacher shall be received into the conference to itinerate, except he have a recommendation from a quarterly conference, or a certificate from an annual conference, or the president thereof. 5. No president or conference shall have power to withhold a testimonial, if the minister or preacher requiring it, shall have complied with his engagements, and his moral character stand fair; but neither the conference into which the minister or preacher desires to be received, nor its president, shall be obliged to employ him as an itinerant or missionary, except his labours can be profitably directed. 6. Every minister or preacher received by the president, during the interval of conference, shall be subjected to a vote of the conference before his name can be printed in the minutes as a stationed minister or preacher, except in cases of transfer. 7. Itinerant ministers and preachers may be transferred from one district to another, by ne- gociation between the presidents of said dis- tricts, provided the minister or preacher con- sent to the transfer. All acts of transfer, thus \.\ni U OONFBUBTCB. 45 made, shnll be valid, and above the control of ihe annual conferen< 8. Ministers and preachers coming Brom other denominations may be received by the conference, or, in the interval of conference, by the president, without their having the recom- mendation required io other ca 9. No minister or preacher, who shell have beeil rejected by an annual conference, shall be employed by its president, unless the confer- ence grant him permission under specified con- ditions. 10. Every preacher shall be eligible to dea- con's orders, after he shall have preached two years under a license, and shall have arrived at tin age of twenty-one years. 11. Every deacon shall be eligible to elder's orders, when he shall have exercised the ollice of deacon acceptably two year-. 12. In cases of missions and similar necessi- preachers may be elected to deacon's or- ders, and deacons to elder's orders, without re- gard to time, provided they possess the requisite qualificatibns. 13. No person shall be elected to orders, ex- cept lie be a man of unexceptionable moral character, genuine piety, respectable attain- ments, an.l sound in the belief of the fundamen- tal doctrine- of Christianity, and faithful in the discharge I duties. 11. The i§ -hall have authority to preach the gospel of Christ, to baptize and eel- 46 ANNUAL CONFERENCE. ebrate matrimony, and to assist the elder in ad- ministering the Lord's supper. 15. The elders shall have authority to admin- ister the Lord's supper, baptize, celebrate mat- rimony, and perform all parts of divine worship. 16. Ordination shall be performed by the president, assisted by two or more other eiders. 17 Every person who appeals to the annual conference, from the decision of a committee of trial, shall be permitted to appear before the conference; and after all the documents, belong- ing to the trial had before the committee, shall have been read, shall state the reasons of his ap- peal. His accuser shall then be permitted to support his charges in the presence of the ap- pelant. The appelant may in turn make his re- ply, which shall close the proceedings on both sides, except the conference grant the accuser permission to speak a second time. The appel- ant and accuser shall then retire, and the conference shall decide, and furnish the appel- ant with a copy of their decision. Provided, that in all cases of appeal, the tribunal to which the appeal is made, shall not enter into the mer- its of the cause, (except at the request of the appelant) but only to decide on the legality of the proceedings of the committee of trial, and either confirm or reverse the same; if reversed, the cause shall be remanded for trial. 18. In any case, however, where the appelant can shew sufficient cause why he should have a new trial before a committee, the conference shall grant it. with the privilege of an appeal. ANNUAL CONFFRKNcr 17 19. No station or circuit shall be divided, un- less each part have ability to support one or more preachers, and the delegate from the cir- cuit or station request the division. 20. In stationing the ministers and preachers, the annual conference shall not be obliged to give an appointment to any man, who in the opinion of a majority of the members, is incom- petent to the duties thereof, or who, they may believe, will neglect the appointment. 21. No minister or preacher, appointed to a circuit or station, shall cease from his itinerant labours, until the term of service assigned him shall have expired, except by the consent of the president. 22. The annual conferences, respecti/ely, shall elect annually, a standing committee of three elders, whose duty it shall be, in the event of the death, resignation or suspension of the president, to appoint a president pro. tern, to serve until the sitting of the next annual confer- ence. Should charges be preferred against the presi- dent of an annual conference, the committee shall call upon one of the superintendents of the district to perform the official notifications, and to act as executive officer in the trial, in accordance with the rule provided for the trial of ministers. 23. It shall be the duty of each itinerant min- ister and preacher, to furnish annually to the steward of the conference of which he is a member, a certificate from the station or circuit 48 ANNUAL CONFERENCE. steward, shewing the amount of money or other articles he has received, as compensation, the preceding year. 24. Each annual conference shall publish its minutes, containing, 1. A list of all the appoint- ments for the ensuing year. 2. A complete list of all the stationed and unstationed ministers and preachers within the district, and those who are superannuated. 3. The names of those min- isters and preachers who have deceased, with- drawn, or been expelled. 4. The general ex- hibit of the conference steward. 5 The num- ber of members, including ministers and preach- ers. 6. The time and place of holding the next annual conference; and such other information as may be deemed acceptable and serviceable to the community. 25. It shall be the duty of the respective an- nual conferences, to forward to the book agent and editor, post paid, such extracts from their minutes, annually, as they may deem proper for publication. 26. A public collection shall be made on the first Sabbath of the conference, in all the houses of worship belonging to the station where the conference is held, for the purpose of defraying the incidental expenses of the conference. 27. No member of conference shall withdraw himself from its sittings, without permission, until all the business shall have been transacted. advict TO ■TIlIBTKRfl A? 9ERS. VJ Keep your own soul alive to God by iiwdita- lion, prayer and searching the Bcriptnres, daily. Elead the old and new testam< tdarly through, if practicable, once every year; and avail yourself of all the helpa within your reach to obtain a correct- understanding of the word of life. "Study to shew thyself approved unto Qed, a workman that needeth not to be asham* ed, rightly dividing the word of truth/' Neither be unemployed, nor engaged about trifles. Do every thing at the time appointed; and complete every thing you commence. Never disappoint a congregation, nor spend more time in a place than is strictly necessary. lur constantly, to feel the high responsibili- ties of your office and ministry; take heed that the blood of souls be not found on your skirts. Be an example of the believers, in word, in conversation in charity, in spirit, in faith, in purity; and avoid all affectation, effeminacy, and every thing like austerity. Be affable and courteous in your manners; and let your whole deportment be mild and inoffensive. "Learn of me;" said the blessed Jesus, "for I am meek and lowly in heart." In your dress, keep clear of the two extremes; antiquated singularity on the one hand, and fashionable foppishness on the other. Abstain 5 50 DUTIES OF THE SUPERINTENDENT* from the use of tobacco in all its forms; and use no stimulating liquors, except medicinally. Remember, it is your imperious duty, not to preach yourself, but Christ crucified, the great sacrifice for sin, and the only Saviour of the world. We, "charge thee, therefore, before God and the Lord Jesus Christ who shall judge the quick and the dead, at his appearing; preach the word: be instant, in season, out of season; re- prove, rebuke, exhort, with all long suffering and doctrine." DUTIES OF THE SUPERINTENDENT. See the Constitution, Artiele xi. 1. It shall be the duty of the superintendent of a circuit or station, to fill the pulpits or have them filled, in accordance with the regulations of the quarterly conference; and to administer the or- dinances, assisted by his brethren in the minis- try. 2. To receive persons on probation, and exe- cute discipline. 3. To visit all the classes, at least once a quarter, if practicable; and see that they are duly and properly met by their respective leaders. 4. To give due notice, from all the pulpits in his circuits or station, of the time and place of holding the ensuing quarterly conference. 5. To hold love feasts and watch nights, and appoint prayer meetings; to renew the tickets quarterly for the admission of members into love feasts in stations, and to give notes to serious m m tl 01 1 :n- SI i ■ BHTi 51 qi U ho d< lire to be present; te \ fail the >i« k. the poor, I he a jed and infirm members well ad those in health and better circumstances. (>. To detain the societj occasionally, after preaching, for ilio purpose of giving them such adfice and exhortation as may be requisite. 7. To organise the children of members in classes of moderate Bize, and appoint buiI leaders, male or female; whose duty it shall be, to instruct them in the principles and pra< of the christian religion* We consider the religious instruction of chil- dren to be one of the most imperious obligations of Christianity; therefore, every superintendent shall i far aa practicable, the children of our community, for the purposes of religious in- struction: shall report the number and state of th( onference annually; and shall be held equally responsible to the confer- ence fortius pari of his duty as for any other. 8. To k< \,trt record of all the mem- bers 1 1 uon or circuit, and of the baptisms, and marriages; and report the same to the quarterly conference, and the numbers in ty in his c i the annual conference. i). To i irterly, when practicable, to the president, the state of his circuit or station; and, at the close of his year, to leave his succes- plan of the cin nit. 10. To i to those who d< to remove to anol lei Btation, circuit, or society. No superintendent shall withhold a certificate or testimonial from persons whose moral char 52 DUTIES OF CLASS LEADERS. stands fair. A suitable testimonial shall not be withheld from those who purpose to withdraw from the fellowship of the Methodist Protestant Church. 11. The superintendent shall have authority to cause his assistant minister or preacher to aid him in the discharge of all the above named du- ties; and also, if necessary, to employ other min- isters, or official members of the circuit or sta- tion, to assist him. DUTIES OF CLASS LEADERS. See the Constitution, Article xi. It shall be the duty of each class leader — 1. To meet his class once a week, in order; To instruct the members in the principles and duties of Christianity; to comfort them in af- fliction; to advise them in cases of difficulty; and to exhort them to diligence and perseverance in doing and suffering the whole will of God. 2. To receive what they are willing to give towards the relief of the preachers, church, and poor. Each leader shall have the names of all the members of his class entered in a book or paper, kept by him for the purpose, in which he shall note, weekly, the presence or absence of each member, and, give each one credit on the book or paper for the amount contributed. 3. It shall also be the duty of each leader to attend the leaders' meeting at all its meetings, to DttTIIS 01 PHI C0NFERENC1 represent the state of hia cla over to the stewards what he has inform the snperiutendenl of an) that .'ire Bick, 01 Deed a pastoral visit. t. It shall be the duty of each leader to visit the sick, and those members who frequently ab- i from tins means of gra< e; and to promote the spiritual, temporal, and eternal interests of those committed to his caie. Cla should occasionally meet each others classes; and also vary tin exercises in those meetings for the purpose of making them interesting, lively, and spiritual. It is recommended, whenever practicable, that HO cli l< ed thirty in number, and that no continue longer than one hour. I WARDS. ' nstitution, Article- \i. ]. It shall be the duty of the conference stew- ard, to receive the money- collected t<> meet the incidental expense - of the conference, and for making up deficiencies in the allowance of the efficient, and superannuated ministers and preachers, their wives, widows, and children. \t. To] f the funds received, the con- tmj. at « f the conference; and to pay to the preachl rs tl OlKributed lor their relief, as contemplated by the discipline, and by those individuals or societies whose liberality shall have prompted them to aid in this good work. 5 # 54 DUTIES OF THE CONFERENCE STEWARDS. The funds held by the steward, shall be equal- ly divided among all the claimants, except where individuals or societies direct a specific appro- priation of any part of their contributions. But no one shall receive more than the allowance fixed by this convention or the general confer- ence. In settling with the preachers, the conference steward shall account with them for all books and newspapers received by them on account of the book agent and editor. He shall pay no preacher's travelling expenses, to or from the conference — these must be paid by the preach- ers themselves, and be refunded to them by the stewards of the circuits or stations to which they may be appointed for the ensuing year. The travelling expenses of the delegates, must be met by the respective circuits and stations which send them up to conference, if they de- mand reimbursement. 3. To make out an accurate exhibit, at con- ference, shewing; 1st. What each preacher has received from his circuit or station, during the past year. 2. The amount paid to each out of the funds received for the relief of the preachers. 3. The amount forwarded to conference from each circuit and station as conference collec- tion, and the respective sums forwarded by in- dividuals or societies. The conference may appoint two or more del- egates to assist the conference steward. DUTIES Of THE CIRCUIT AND 81 ' riOfl v I I .u institution, \ i. It shall be the duty of the stewards of a on, 10 recen e and take an e unt of the ordinary church am' class collec- tions, and all appropriations made for t\u* sup- port of the preachers in the station or circuit; to pay to the preachers quarterly, or oftener if nee, isary, their allowance, out of the* Funds re- ceiver; to meet all contingent expenses; and to make an accurate return to I . or quar- terly conference) of their receipts and disburse- ments during each quarter, arid a fair exhibit of the temporal condition of the station or cir- cuit. To make the necessary provision and pre- paration lor the Lord's supper and love feast; to receive the collections made on those occasions, and all other moneys contributed tor the relief of the poor. And to distribute those funds as oc- casion may require; in stations, as the leaders' meeting may direct; "and in circuirs. according to their best judgment, having special regard to those poor members who are the most necesai- t0V8 and deserving. The stewards shall make a quarterly return to the society, or quarterly con- ference, of their poor collections and distribu- tions, and the state of those funds. 3. To use all proper means, when necessary, to induce the members, and those who sit n larly under our ministry, tobp liberal in their con- tributions. 5G GENERAL DUTIES OF TRUSTEES. The stewards shall keep a separate book fof the purpose of entering the weekly, monthly, or quarterly donations made by those who are not members of the church. 4. To see that a conference collection be taken up, some time in the last quarter, pre- viously to the sitting of the annual conference, both in the classes and in the congregations. The whole collection, when made, shall be for- warded by the stewards to the conference stew- ard. 5. The stewards shall also see that a collec- tion be taken up some time in the year preced- ing the sitting of the general conference, and forward the amount to that body, to assist in de- fraying the expenses of assembling the represen- tatives, &,c, 6. The stewards of each circuit and station shall furnish each itinerant minister and preach- er in their circuit or station, previously to his going up to conference, with a certificate, shew* ing the amount of money or other articles he has received, as quarterage, &,c. during the year. GENERAL DUTIES OF TRUSTEES. 1. It shall be the duty of the trustees, to hold the property of individual churches in trust for the use and benefit of the members thereof; and to fill up all vacancies occasioned in their board by death, resignation, or ceasing to be a mem- ber of the Methodist Protestant Church, or other- wise, during their period of service. We recommend, that in all deeds, the trus- vsrai m rni oi 1 1 $7 tees elected to serve for any definite term of -. be authorized to remain in office until other trustees shall ha\ e bees eh pi in of resignation, ^v c. 2, To hold j>< riodical meetings, and keep a l;nr and regular record of all the transactions of their beard, in a book provided for the purp ise, which shall at all times be open for the inspec- tion of the members of the church. '•). To Uke care of the church property, fur- niture, and premises, burial ground, &c« L The trustees shall have power, when au- thorized bv two-thirds of the male members, over the age of twenty- one years, assembled at a reg- ular meeting for the purpose,. to purchase, build, repair, lease, sell, rent, mortgage, or otherwise procure or dispose of property, and on no other condition or conditions whatever* (58) JOHN AND CHARLES WESLEYS' GENERAL, RULES. I. There is one only condition previously re- quired of those who desire admission into these Societies, a desire to flee from the wrath to come, and be saved from their sins: But, whenever this is really fixed in the soul, it will be shown by its fruits. It is therefore expected of all who con- tinue therein, that they continue to evidence their desire of salvation, First, By doing no harm, by avoiding evil in every kind; especially that which is most gen- erally practised. Such as The taking the name of God in vain: The profaning the day of the Lord, either by doing ordinary work thereon, or buying or sell- ing: Drunkenness, buying or selling spirituous li- quors; or drinking them, unless in cases of ex- treme necessity: Fighting, quarrelling, brawling; brother going to law with brother; returning evil for evil, or railing for railing: The using many words in buying or selling: The buying or selling an customed goods: The giving or taking things on usury: i. e. un- lawful interest: Uncharitable or unprofitable conversation; par- ticularly speaking evil of magistrates, or of min- isters: WIS] i \ S 1 ».r\ KH 1 1 i:' U li Doing to oth( n h we would no; they should do unto as: I) ting what we know id nol for the glorj of God: \<. The putting on of gold or costly apparel: The taking such diversions as cannot be used in the name of the Lord Jesus: The tinging those songs, or reading those honks, winch do not tend to the knowledge or Jove of God: Softness, and needless self-indulgence. Laying up treasure upon earth: Borrowing without a probability of paying; or taking op goods without a probability of pay- ing lor them. II. It is exported of all who continue in these Societies, that they continue to evidence their desire of sali ation, Secondly, bj doing good, by being in every kind merciful alter thnr power, as they have opportunity, doing good of every possible sort, and. as tar as is possible to all men: To their bodies, 6f the ability which God thj by giving food to the hungry, by clothing the naked, by visiting or helping them that are sick or in prison* To their souls, by instructing, reproving, or exhorting all any intercourse with; trampling under toot that enthusiastic doctrine of devils, that "We are not to do good unless our hearts befn By doing good especially to them that arc of 60 WESLEYS'* GENERAL RULES. the household of faith, or groaning so to be; em- . ploying them preferable to others, buying one of another, helping each other in business, and so much the more, because the world will love its own and them only. . By all possible diligence and frugality, that the Gospel be not blamed. By running with patience the race that is set before them, denying themselves, and taking up their cross daily; submitting to bear the reproach of Christ; to be as the filth and orTscouring of the world; and looking, that men should "say all manner of evil of them falsely, for the Lord's sake." III. It is expected of all who desire to con- tinue in these Societies, that they continue to evi- dence their desire of salvation. Thirdly, By attending on all the ordinances of God: — such are, The public worship of God: The ministry of the word, either read or expounded: The Supper of the Lord; family and private prayer: searching the Scriptures; and fasting or abstinence. These are the general rules of our Societies, all which we are taught of God to observe, even in his written word, the only rule, and the suf- ficient rule both of our faith and practice. And all these, we know his Spirit writes on every truly awakened heart. If there be any among us who observe them not, who habitually break any of them, let it be made known unto them WWilMYl r> J who watohoTer that soul, as they that must an account. \\ Y will admonisfi him of the i of hi- wa\.-. We will beat with him tur a BeUOIh Hut then, if he repent not, he hath no more place among 110. We btfre delivered our own souls. JOHN WESLEY, CHARLES WESLEY. London, May I, 1743. (62) ARTICLES OF RELIGION. I. Of Faith in the Holy Trinity. There is but one living and true God, ever- lasting, without body or parts, of infinite power, wisdom, and goodness, the maker and preserver of all things, visible and invisible. And in unity of this Godhead, there are three persons of one substance, power and eternity; — the Father, the Son, and he Holy Ghost. II. Of the Word, or the Son of God, who was made very Man. The Son, who is the Word of the Father, the very and eternal God, of one substance with the Father, took man's nature in the womb of the blessed Virgin: so that two whole and per- fect natures, that is to say, the God-head and manhood, were joined together in one person, never to be divided, whereof is one Christ, very God and very man, who truly suffered, was crucified, dead and buried, to reconcile his fa- ther to us, and to be a sacrifice, not only for original guilt, but also for actual sins of men. III. Of the Resurrection of Christ. Christ did truly rise again from the dead, and took again his body, with all things appertaining to the perfection of man's nature, wherewith he ascended into heaven, and there sitteth until he return to judge all men at the last day. ARTICLES OF RELIOIOK. 63 IV. Of the J My Ghost. The Holy (ihost, proceeding from the Father and the Son, i.^ of one substance, majesty, and glory with the Father and the Son, very and eternal God. V. The Sufficiency of the Holy Scriptures for Salvation. The Holy Scripture contains all things necessa- ry to salvation: so that whatsoever is not read therein, nor may be proved thereby, is not to be required of any man, that it should be believed as an article of faith, or be thought requsite or necessary to salvation. In the name of the Holy Scripture, we do understand those canon- ical books of the Old and New Testament, of whose authority was never any doubt in the church. The names of the Canonical Books. Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, Deuteronomy, Joshua, Judges, Ruth, The First Book of Samuel, The Second Book of Samuel, The First Book of Kings, 64 ARTICLES OF RELIGION. The Second Book of Kings, The First Book of Chronicles, The Second Book of Chronicles, The Book of Ezra, The Book of Nehemiah, The Book of Esther, The Book of Job, The Psalms, The Proverbs, Ecclesiastes, or the Preacher, Cantica, or Songs of Solomon, Four Prophets the greater, Twelve Prophets the less: All the Books of the New Testament, as they are commonly received, we do receive and account canonical. VI. Of the Old Testament. The Old Testament is not contrary to the New: for in both the Old and New Testament, everlasting life is offered to mankind by Christ, who is the only Mediator between God and man, being both God and man. Wherefore, they are not to be heard, who feign that the old fathers did look only for transitory promises. Although the law given from God by Moses, as touching cer- emonies and rites, doth not bind christians, nor ought the civil precepts thereof of necessity be received in any commonwealth; yet, notwith- standing, no christian whatsoever is free from the obedience of the commandments which are called moral. ARTICLES 0? RELICIOX. f>3 VII. Of Original Sin. Original sin standeth not in the following of Adam (as the Pelagians do vainly talk) but it is the corruption of the nature of every man, that naturally if engendered of the offspring of Adam, whereby man is very far gone from original right- eousness, and of his own nature inclined to evil, and that continually. VIII. Of Free Will. The condition of man after the fall of Adam is such, that he cannot turn and prepare himself by his own natural strength and works to faith, and calling upon God: Wherefore we have no power to do good works, pleasant and accept- able to God, without the grace of God by Christ preventing us, that we may have a good will, and working with us, when we have that good will. IX- Of the Justification of Man. We are accounted righteous before God, only for the merit of our Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ by faith, and not for our own works or deservings; — Wherefore, that we are justified by faith only, is a most wholesome doctrine, and very full of comfort. X. Of Good Works. Although good works, which are the fruits of faith, and follow after justification, cannot put 6- 66 ARTICLES OF RELIGION. sway our sins, and endure the severity of God's judgments; yet are they pleasing and accepta- ble to God in Christ, and spring out of a true and lively faith, insomuch that by them a lively faith may be as evidently known, as a tree is discerned by its fruit. XL Of Works of Supererogation. Voluntary works, besides, over and above God's commandments, which are called works of supererogation, cannot be taught without arro- gancy and impiety. — For by them men do de- clare, that they do not only render unto God as much as they are bound to do, but that they do more for his sake than of bounden duty is required: Whereas Christ saith plainly, When ye have done all that is commanded, you say, We are unprofitable servants. XII. Of sin after justification. Not every sin willingly committed after jus- tification, is the sin against the Holy Ghost, and unpardonable. Wherefore, the grant of repent- ance is not to be denied to such as fall into sin after justification: After we have received the Holy Ghost, we may depart from grace given, and fall into sin, and by the grace of God, rise again, and amend our lives. And there- fore they are to be condemned, who say they can no more sin as long as they live here; or deny the place of forgiveness to such as truly repent. Mi 1 [< 1 .1 I nl Kll.li.lON G7 XUL Qfthe Chunk. The rifible Church of Christ is a congrega- tion <>t Faithful men, in which the pure word of God is preached, and the sacraments duly ad- ministered according to Christ's ordinance, in all those things that of necessity arc requisite to inc. XIV. Of Purgatory. The Romish doctrine concerning purgatory pardon, worshipping, and adoration, as well of jes, as of relics, and also invocation of saints, is a fond thing vainly invented, and grounded upon no warrant of scripture, but repugnant to the word of God. XV. Of %pcakt*g in the Congregation in such a Tongue as the People understand. It is a thing plainly repugnant to the word of God, and the custom of the primitive church, to have public prayer in the church, or to minister the sacraments in a tongue not understood by the people. XVI. Of the Sacraments. Sacraments ordained of Christ, are not only badges or tokens of christian men's profession: but rather they are certain signs of grace, and God's good-will towards us, by the which he doth work invisibly in us, and doth not only 68 ARTICLES OP RELI6I0K. quicked, but also, strengthen and confirm our faith in him. There are two sacraments ordained of Christ our Lord, in the gospel; that is to say, Baptism and the supper of the Lord. Those five commonly called sacraments, that is to say, Confirmation, Penance, Orders, Mat- rimony, and extreme Unction, are not to be counted for Sacraments of the Gospel, being such as have partly grown out of the corrupt following of the Apostles; and partly are states of life allowed in the Scriptures, but yet have not the like nature of Baptism and the Lord's Sup- per, because they have not any visible sign or ceremony ordained of God. The Sacraments were not ordained of Christ to be gazed upon, or to be carried about; but that we should duly use them. And in such only as worthily receive the same, they have a wholesome effect or operation: but they that re- ceive them unworthily, purchase to themselves condemnation, as St. Paul saith. 1 Cor. xi. 29. XVII. Of Baptism. Baptism is not only a sign of profession, and mark of difference, whereby christians are dis- tinguished from others that are not baptised; but it is also a sign of regeneration, or the new birth: The baptism of young children is to be retained in the church. A KTH LBS OF H ELK G¥ Will, (n't fit Lard's SupptT. The rapper of the Lord is not only a sign thai Christiana ought to have among themselves one to another, but rather i- ;i Bacrament of our redemption by Christ's death: insomuch, that h as rightly, worthily, and with faith receive the same, the bread which we break is a par- taking of the body of Christ; and likewise the cnp of bit a partaking of the blood of Christ. Transnbstantiation, or the change of the sub- stance of bread and wine in the supper of our Lord, cannot be proved by holy writ; but is re- pugnant to the plain words of scripture, over- throweth the nature of a sacrament, and hath given to many superstitions. The body of Christ is given, taken, and eaten, in the supper, only after a heavenly and scrip- tural manner. And the means whereby the body of Christ is received and eaten in the sup- per, is faith. The sacrament of the Lord's supper was not by Christ's ordinance reserved, carried about, lifted up, or worshipped. XIX. Of both kinds. The cup of the Lord is not to be denied to the lay-people, for both the parts of the Lord's supper by Christ's ordinance and commandment ought to be administered to all christians alike. 70 ARTICLES OF RELIOIOX, XX. Of the one oblation of Christ finished upon the Cross. The offering of Christ once made, is that per- fect redemption, propitiation, and satisfaction for all the sins of the whole world, both original and actual: and there is none other satisfaction for sin but that alone. ( Wherefore the sacrifice of masses in the which it is commonly said that the priest doth offer Christ for the quick and the dead, to have remission of pain or guilt, is a blasphemous fable, and dangerous deceit. XXI. Of the Marriage of Ministers. The ministers of Christ are not commanded by God's law either to vow the state of single life, or to abstain from marriage; therefore it is lawful for them, as for all other christians, to marry at their own discretion, as they shall judge the same to serve best to godliness. XXII. Of the Rites and Ceremonies of Churches. It is not necessary that rites and ceremonies should in all places be the same, or exactly alike, for they have been always different, and may be changed according to the diversity of countries, times, and men's manners, so that nothing be ordained against God's > word. Whosoever, through his private judgment, willingly and purposely doth openly break the rites and cer- emonies of the church to which he belongs, ARTICLES OF RELIGION'. 71 which arc not repugnant to \\\o word of Qod, and are Ordained and approved by common au- thority, ought to bi rebuked openly, that others may fear to do the like, as one that offendeth against the common order of the church, and WOundeth the consciences of weak brethren. Every particular church may ordain, change, or abolish rites and ceremonies, so that all things may be done to edification. XXIII. Of the Rulers of the United States of America. The President, the Congress, the General Assemblies, the Governors, and the Councils of State, as the delegates of the people, are the rulers of the United States of America, according to the division of power made to them by the consti- tution of the United States, and by the constitu- tions of their respective States. And the said States are a sovereign and independent nation, and ought not to be subject to any foreign juris- diction. XXIV. Of Christian men's Goods* The riches and goods of christians are not common as touching the right, title, and posses- sion of the same, as some do falsely boast. Not- withstanding, every man ought, of such things as he possesseth, liberally to give alms to the poor, according to his ability. 72 ARTICLES OF RELIGION. XXV. Of a Christian man's Oath. As we confess that vain and rash swearing is forbidden christian men by our Lord Jesus Christ, and James his apostle; so we judge that the christian religion doth not prohibit, but that a man may swear, or affirm, when the magistrate requireth, in a cause of faith and charity, so it be done according to the prophet's teaching, in justice, judgment and truth. a*) PUBLIC WORSHIP. The morning service on the Lord's day, shall GODttsfl of singing a hymn, prayer, and reading a portion of the word of God; then singing another hymn, or part thereof, and preaching. After sermon, another hymn, or part of a hymn, shall be sung, an appropriate prayer addressed to the throne of grace, and the congregation dismissed with the apostolical benediction, while the preacher and congregation are yel kneeling. The afternoon and e\ enin j sen ices shall con- ofthe same .-\ KCept reading por- tions of Scripture, which may he omitted. We recommend that no sermon exceed one hour; and that the minister be not tedious in con- ducting the other parts of divine worship. It is further recommended, that the Lord's prayer be repeated at the close of the first morning prayer. During public worship, the congregation \pected to attend with becoming gravity, abstaining from all salutations of persons pre- sent, or coming in: and from gazing about, >ing, smiling, whispering, and all other in- decent behaviour. 4 * It is expected of all who attend on our ministry, that they carefully avoid the too common practice of stand- iboilt the church doors before service, and of lciv- fore the congregation is regularly dis- 74 MEANS OF GRACE. While the minister is addressing the throne of grace, the whole congregation should meekly kneel before God; and during the singing of the first hymn, stand up with their faces towards the minister, and assist in this delightful part of divine worship. The verses of the second hymn should be read over by the minister, and then sung by the people while seated. We recommend that all our members take their hymn books to the church with them, and sing with the spirit, and with the understanding also. In administering the ordinances, and the bu- rial of the dead, let the form of Discipline be used. MEANS OF GRACE. The means of grace recognized by this Church are, the public worship of Almighty God, searching the scriptures, the Lord's supper, love feasts, class meetings, private and family prayer. Members of the church, who habitually ne- glect these means of grace, shall first be admon- ished by their leader; then if they refuse to amend, the case shall be reported to the superinten- dent, who shall admonish them a second time; if all shall be unavailing, after sufficient trial, the superintendent shall propose to them volun tarily to withdraw from the fellowship of the church; if they agree with the proposal they shall be recorded as withdrawn: but if they re- IDMlNIftB ITI0N 01 75 hse tad still will not amend, they shall be Ut- ile to a trial before a committee, who shall have authority I rjsure, or exclude them, as m their judgment the nature of the rase may require; provided, that no person be excluded pi lor a habitual neglect of these means of mce. Order far the administration of the Lord's Supper. On the day appointed for the celebration of the Lord- Supper, an appropriate discourse shall be delivered; after which, a collection shall be taken up for the relief of the poor. While the stewards are making the collection, let the minister repeat one or more of the fol- lowing pi Let your light so shine before men, that they may see y«»ur good works, and glorify your Father which is in heaven. Matt. v. 16, He that soweth sparingly, shall also reap sparingly; and he that soweth bountifully, shall also reap bountifully. Let every man do ac- cording as he is disposed in his heart; not grud- y, or of necessity; for God loveth a cheerful giver. 1 Cor. i\. <>. ?. Charge those who are rich in this world, that they be ready to distribute, willing to commu- nicate; laying up in store for themselves a good foundation against the time to come, that they may lay hold on eternal life. 1 Tim. vi. 17-19. 76 ADMINISTRATION OF Whoso hath this world's good and seeth his brother have need, and shutteth up his bow- els of compassion from him, how dwelleth the love oi God in him? 1 John iii. 17. Blessed is he that considereth the poor; the Lord will deliver him in the time of trouble. Psalm xli. 1. As we have therefore opportunity, let us do good unto all men, and especially unto them who are of the household of faith. Gal. vi. 10. In the commencement of the communion service, all the ministers and preachers present, shall be invited to assemble within the communion rail; after which, the officiating minister shall repair to the table, uncover the elements, and address the communicants in the following words: Dearly beloved, while we were yet sinners Christ died for us, and became the propitiation for our sins, and not for ours only, but for the sins of the whole world. In the same night he was betrayed he did institute this ordinance, and commanded his followers to continue the same in commemoration of his death, until he come again. You, therefore, who are striving to walk in all his commandments blameless, will now accompany us in a petition to the throne of grace, that we may worthily commem- orate the death and passion of our Lord and Sa- viour Jesus Christ, mi. LORD'l m iter. 77 I stt us pray, AJmighty God, <>iir heavenly Father, who of thy tender mercy didst give thine only Son Je- ( hrisl to suffer death upon the cross for our redemption; who there, by the oblation of him- self, once offered, did make an atonement for the -in- ofthe whole world: and did institute this ordinance, and in his holy gospel command us to continue a perpetual memory of his precious death, until his coming again; we pray thee to grant us grace, that while we partake of these Symbols of the broken body and shed blood of our Lord Jesus Christ, in remembrance of his death and passion, we may, by faith in him, receive the remission of our sins and the salvation of our Souls. We are not worthy, O Lord, to gather up the crumbs from under thy table, for we have sinned and come short of thy glory; we have erred and strayed from thy ways like lost sheep; we have left undone those tilings which we ought to have done; and we have done those things which we ought not to have done. Have mercy on us, God, our heavenly Father, forgive our sins, and restore unto us the joy of thy salvation, through 3 Christ who hath redeemed us by his own most precious blood. Almighty, and most merciful God, we do not presume to approach this thy table, trusting in our own righteousness, but in the blood and righteousm ill Lord Jesus Christ. Who 7 78 ADMINISTRATION OF in the same night he was betrayed, took bread, and when he had given thanks, he break it, and gave to his disciples, saying, take, eat; this is my body which was broken for you, this do in remembrance of me. After the same manner he took the cup, and when he had supped, said; this cup is the new testament in my blood, drink ye all of it. This do ye, as oft as you drink it. in remembrance of me. Grant unto us, our heavenly Father, the ef- fectual assistance of thy holy Spirit, that while we partake of these thy creatures of bread and wine, according to thy Son cur Saviour's holy institu- tion, in grateful remembrance of his death and passion, that our hearts may be penetrated with unfeigned love and gratitude for the unspeak- able gift of thy Son, in the redemption and salvation of our souls. May we be melted into tenderness on account of the great love where- with Christ hath loved us, and given himself for us. May we ever remember his agony and bloody sweat in the garden of Gethsemane; his cruel mockings and scourgings in Pilate's hall; and his ignominious death on the cross. Surely he hath borne our griefs, and carried our sor- rows; but he was wounded for our transgres- sions, he was bruised for our iniquities, the chastisement of our peace was upon him, and by his stripes we are healed. May we have re- demption through his blood which was shed for the remission of our sins; and, being justified by faith in him, may be filled with love, have grace to keep all thy commandments, and shew THE LORD s BtTPPlB. ? C J forth the Lord's death till he comdL And final- ly, bo brought, with all the [srael ofGodj to in- herit eternal life, through the rnerits and media- tion of out Lord and Sai iour briat. Amen. The ministers and preachers present shall then receiti tin communion of both kinds, after which, the following invitation shall be given. Ye that do truly and earnestly repent of your ?ins, and arc in love and charity u ith your neigh- bors, and intend to lead a new life, following the commandments of God, and walking from hence- forth in his holy ways, draw near in faith, and partake of this ordinance to your comfort, meek- ly kneeling on your knees. The ministers shall then distribute the bread to the communicants, saying: Take, cat this in remembrance that Christ/s body was broken for you; for while we were yet sinners Christ died for us, and became the pro- pitiation for our sins, and not for ours only, but for the sins of the whole world. While the ministers are passing the bread around, they may repeat one or more of the follow- ing passages: God so loved the world, that he gave his only begotten Son, that whosoever believeth on bin might not perish, but have everlasting life. 80 ADMINISTRATION OF God sent not his Son into the world to con- demn the world, but that the world through him might be saved. Herein is love, not that we loved God, but that he loved us, and sent his Son to be a pro- pitiation for our sins. If God so loved us, we ought to love one another. Christ loved the church, and gave himself for it. If ye love me, keep my commandments. Not every one that saith unto me, Lord, Lord, shall enter into the kingdom of heaven; but he that doeth the will of my Father which is in heaven. Blessed is he that shall eat bread in the king- dom of God. The ministers shall likewise take of the wine, and give to each communicant, saying: Drink ye all of this, in grateful remembrance, that the blood of Christ was shed for you; for ye were not redeemed with corruptible things, but with the precious blood of Christ; in whom we have redemption, through faith, even the for- giveness of our sins, and the sanctification of our souls. While passing the wine around, the ministers may repeat one or more of the following passages: If we confess our sins, he is faithful and just THE I.nKDS SVPPEft* 91 to forgive our mm-, ami to cleanse m from all nnrighteousm If ire walk in the light, as he is in the light, we have fellowship one with another, and the blood of Jesua Christ In- Son, cleans* ;!; us from all unrighteousness. Unto liim that loved us, and wa>hed us from our sins m his own blood, and hath made us kings and priests unto 0od and Ins Father, be glory and dominion forever. Amen. Wlien all have partakni, what remains of the elements, shall he placid upon the table and cover- cd with a fair linen cloth; and the service shall be conclude trith < xtempore prayer, and the apos- tolical benediction. The Lord's Supper should be administered, at least once a month in stations; and once a quarter in circuits. On these solemn occasions, let there be no hurry; no confusion. Let meditation, prayer, and gratitude to God for the unspeakable gilt of his Son, occupy every soul. While administering the Supper, one of the ministers should occasionally give out an appro- priate verse or two of a hymn, to be sang by the congregation. This might be so timed as to serve for a signal to those wiio have communed, to rise and retire to their places in the church, and give opportunity for the remaining commu- nicants to repair to the table. 82 BAPTISM OF INFANTS. Let those who have scruples concerning the receiving the Lord's Supper kneeling, be per- mitted to receive it, either sitting or standing. BAPTISM OF INFANTS. W/ien the child to be baptized is brought before the minister, he shall say to the parents; Beloved friends, you are now about to dedi- cate your child to the service of the living and true God, who hath said; behold, all souls are mine, as the soul of the father, so also the soul of the son is mine; and the promise of accep- tance and salvation is to you and your children, and to all that are afar off. By this act you ac- knowledge the high claim of Almighty God to the life and services of your offspring; and your own obligations to the most High, to your infant, and to the church of Christ, to guide its feet into the paths of righteousness, and to raise it up into the nurture and admonition of the Lord. Yoa will need all the wisdom and grace you can acquire, to enable you to discharge this your imperious duty; we, therefore, exhort you to pray to God constantly, so to enlighten your minds and influence your hearts, that you may, both by precept and example, be enabled to lead your children in the true and right way; and induce them to glorify God, in their souls and bodies, which is their reasonable service. Let us pray. Almighty and most merciful God, Father of our spirits, former of our bodies, Redeemer and 1 MJPTIMI OF iman 83 Saviour of our8( uls, we thank thee that thou hast made n our pri ai chUdn th] Ben ice, that they may be livel) member* of the church of Christ, and I rnal life. \\ < beseech thee, o our hi avenly Father, to bestow upon the parents of this child, grace n 1 by they i iptably, with r< and godly tear, in holiness and righteous- ness all the days of their lives, that by precept and example, they may be enabled to train their clnld in all godly discipline and admonition, thai it may be a worthy member of the church of Christ. — Grant, O Lord, that this child may die unto sin, and live unto righteousness, and being steadfast in faith, joyful through hope, and rooted in love, may safely pass the waves of this transitory life, and finally come to the heaven of eternal n re to dwell with thee, world without end, through Jesus Christ our Lord. AJmight] i< grant that whosoever is dedi- cated to thee, by our oilier and ministry, maybe indued with heavenly virtue-, and ever remain in the number of thy faithful children; and be made partaker- of eternal lite through thy mer- ;id go- vern all things, world without end. Amen. Tin p 'iid up , and the minister They bn children to Christ, that he should touch them, and his disciples rebuked those who brought them; but when w it, he was much dis and said, sutler the little 8-1 BAPTISM OF INFANTS. children to come unto me, and forbid them not, for of such is the kingdom of God. Verily, I say unto you, whosoever shall not receive the kingdom of God as a little child, shall not enter therein. And he took them up in his arms, put his hands upon them and blessed them. The minister shall then take the child in his arms, and say to the friends of the child. Name this child. Repeating the name as given by the parents, he shall say, after baptizing. N. I baptize thee, in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost. The Lord bless this child, and grant him eternal life. The minister shall then conclude with the apostolical benediction. Infant baptism should be administered months ly in all our churches, and oftener when neces- sary. In infant baptism, let it be an invariable rule, to require the attendance of the parents of the child. Let every adult person, and the parents of every child to be baptized, have the choice of immersion, sprinkling, or pouring. Parents whose children have been baptized, should attend after service, and inform the min- ister of the age, &,c. of the child, or children baptized, that he may enter their names, &c. on the church register. mini* n: \i ION Of I I PI TO SUCH kfl Alii: OF R1PEH I B I Whin tin | / pn v nt them* tin mimUU r shall toy* Dearly beloved, forasmuch as all men arc born in sin, and that our Saviour Christ saith, none Call niter the kingdom of God, except lie* be regenerate and hern anew, of water and of the Holy Ghost. I beseech von to call upon God the Father, through our Lord Jesus Christ, that of his bounteous goodn< ss, he will in-ant to these person-, now to be baptized, that which by nature they cannot have, and that they may be made lively members of the church of Christ, and heirs of eternal life. If t us pray, Almighty, everlasting God, whose most dear- ly beloved Son, h bus Christ, for the forgiveness of our sins, did shed out of his most precious side, botli water and blood: and gave command- ment to his disciples, that they should go teach all nations, arid baptize them in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost. ird, we beseech thee, the supplications of this i lion; and grant thai the persons now to be baptized may receive the fulness of thy £racc, and ever remain in the number of thy elect children, through Jesus Christ our Lord. merciful God, grant, through the sanctifica- tion of thy spirit, and their belief of the troth, as it is in Christ Jesus, that the carnal mind in 8 86 BAPTISM OF SUCH AS them may be destroyed, and that they may be created anew in Christ Jesus, unto good works, and have their fruit unto holiness, and obtain everlasting life. Grant that they, being dedicated to thee, by our office and ministry, may receive grace where- by they may serve thee acceptably with reverence and godly fear, in holiness and righteousness all the days of their lives; and being indued with heavenly virtues, and strengthened by thy grace, may have victory, and be eventually rewarded,, through thy mercy, blessed Lord God, who dost live and govern ail things, world without end. Amen. The minister shall then demand of each of the persons to be baptized, severally. 1. Do you believe in the existence of God, and that he is a rewarder of all those who dili- gently seek him? I do. 2. Do you believe that the Lord Jesus Christ is the Redeemer and Saviour of the world? I do. 3. The sacred scriptures inform us, that we have all sinned, and come short of the glory of God; but that if we confess our sins, he is faith- ful and just to forgive our sins, and to cleanse us from all unrighteousness; are you now deter- mined, by the aid of divine grace, to forsake every evil way, to look to Christ as your only and all sufficient Saviour, and to walk in all the com- mandments of God? I am. 4. It is made our duty to search the sacred scriptures, and to attend on all the ordinances of aim: <>i Kirn: \ i B9 thehOnseof God, will jrou endeavour to be faith- ful in the discharge of these dut • 1 will, by the assistance of God'a J Inly spirit The minuter shall then take tack persm M k baptized by tin right hand; shall ask the m and thtn repeating the name, sprinkle or pour wa- tt r upon him: Sa\ ill X. I baptize thee in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost The minister may then conclude with extempore prayer — repeal the Lord's prayer, and the apos- tolical benediction. MARRIAGE CEREMOXV. At the time afffointi d for soh mnieation of mat' riinouy . th< persons tabemarriedj standing togeth- er , the man ON the right hand, ami the woman on the l<jt. ttu thaU say: We are assembled in ttite presencg of God and before these witnesses, to solemnize the marriage of these two persons present If any one cm sh< W JU8( «-;mi^\ why they may not lawfully be joined tog* ther let him now Bpeak, orelse hereafter hold his peace. T\e minister shall then address himself to the Wns about to be married, and say: 88 MATRIMONY. If either of you know any lawful cause, or just impediment, why you may not legally be joined together in matrimony, I charge you to confess it; for no ceremony can make valid an unlawful marriage. If no impediment be alleged, the minister, ad- dressing himself to the parties^ shall say: Under the influence of mutual affection, you are now about to pledge your vows. It will be your mutual concern, to perpetuate your love, by constant fidelity, and by a practical regard of those principles and rules of conduct, which the word of God, and good experience, have furnished. Husband and wife, should be studiously at- tentive to know each other's dispositions, and anticipate each other's wishes Mutual tender- ness and forbearance is indispensable to matri- monial happiness; nothing endears like this; nothing so effectually rivets affection. The husband should consult his wife, make her acquainted with the true state of his affairs, and allow her a full share of influence; your in- terests will be one, and your confidence should be mutual. The wife should love her husband, shew him all possible attention, and make her house the place of his delight. Husband and wife should conduct towards each other with the utmost affability, kindness and affection; and constantly seek the protec- rmiMOKTi 9B tion and assisting grace of God, to enable them faithfully and mutually to discharge the numer- ous and important duties required of those whe become the heads of families* The minister shall then say: Please join your right hands. linn shall the minister jay unto the man: Wilt thou have this woman to thy wedded Wife, to love, comfort, honour, and keep her in sickness and in health: and forsaking all other-. keep thee only unto her, so long as you both shall life? Tin man shall answer: I will. Then shall the minister say unto the woman. Wilt thou have this man to thy wedded hus- band, to obey, love, honour and keep him in sickness and health; and forsaking all others, keep thee only unto him, so long as you both shall live? The woman shall answer: I will. The minister shall then say: Lit us pray. We humbly supplicate thy blessing, heavenly 8* 90 MATRIMONY. Father, on these persons who have mutually entered into marriage covenant. Will it please thee to grant them power to keep their vows in fidelity; to live together in peace and love, and reverently obey thy laws. Under thy protection and in the enjoyment of thy favor, may they long live in health and comfort, gratefully receiv- ing all thy blessings, which thy parental care and goodness may confer upon them in this life; and in the end, vouchsafe to them, and to us all, a participation in life everlasting, Amen. TJien shall the minister say, Those whom God hath joined together, let no man put asunder. For £s much as A. B. and C. D. have con- sented together in holy wedlock, and have wit- nessed ihe same, before God and this company, and thereto have pledged their faith, the one to the other, and have declared the same by joining hands, I pronounce them husband and wife, in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost. Amen. VISITATION OF THE SICK. If the minister find the sick person to be grossly ignorant, he shall instruct him in the na- ture of repentance and faith, and the way of ac- \ I^ITA 1'IoN OF THI SICK. 91 teptcnce with God, through the mediation and atonement of Jesus ( Jhrist. [f the i "ii appeal to l>< 4 i stupid, thoughtless and hardened sinner; the minister shall endeavour to awaken his mind; to arouse his conscience; to convince him oi the evil and danger of sin, of the curse of the law, and the wrath of God due to sinners; to bring bim to an bumble and penitential sense of Ins iniqui- and then to state before him the fulness of the grace and mercy of God, in and through the merits of the Redeemer; the absolute necessity of faith, and repentance, in order to his being interested in the favor of God, and his obtain- in!: everlasting happiness* If the sick person appear to be broken in spirit with a sense of sin, and apprehensions of the divine displeasure, then it will be proper to administer consolation and encouragement! by setting before him tlie freeness and richness of the grace of God, and the precious promises of the gospel made to all penitents. The minister must, in all cases, guard the sick against all ill grounded persuasions of the mercy of God, without a \ital union to Christ; and against unreasonable fears of death, and dis- pomlin^ discouragements; against presumption upon his own and merit, on the one hand, and against despair of the mercy and grace of God in Christ Jesus on the other. In a word, it Is the duty of all ministers and pious persons, when visiting the sick, to pray With and tor them; and to administer instruction, 92 BURIAL OF THE DEAD. conviction, support, consolation, or encourage- ment, as the case may seem to require. And to improve the occasion to exhort those about them to consider their mortality; to turn to the Lord, and make their peace with him; and in health prepare for sickness, death and judgment. BURIAL OF THE DEAD. When the corpse is brought to the grave, the min- ister shall repeat one or more of the following passages: I am the resurrection and the life, saith the Lord; he that believeth in me though he were dead, yet shall he live: and whosoever liveth and believeth in me, shall never die. I know that my Redeemer liveth, and that he shall stand at the latter day upon the earth; and though after death, worms destroy this body, yet in my flesh shall I see God. I heard a voice from heaven, saying unto me, Write; From henceforth, blessed are the dead who die in the Lord; even so saith the Spirit, for they rest from their labors, and their works do follow them. Blessed be the God, and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, who, according to his abun- dant mercy, hath begotten us again unto a live- ly hope, by the resurrection of Jesus Christ from the dead, to an inheritance, incorruptible, unde- r,uni.\L OF THE DEAD. 03 filed, and that fadeth not away, resetted in hea- v. n for those w ho arc kept by the power of God, through faith unto saWatioD, read) to be reveal- ed at the last tune. Behold, I show you a mystery, We shall not all sleep, but we shall all he changed, in a mo- ment, in the twinkling of an eye, at the last trump; lor the trumpet shall Bound, and tin? dead shall be raised incorruptible, and we shall hanged; lor this corruptible must put on incorruptjon, and this mortal must put on im- mortality. So when this corruptible shall have put on incorruptioo, and this mortal shall have put on immortalitj, then shall be brought to pass die Baying that is written; Death is swallowed up in victory. death, where is thy sting? O grave, where is th ▼ victory? The sting of deatli is sin; and the strength of sin is the law. But thanks be to God, who giveth us the victory, through our Lord Jesus Christ. Here the minister, if he judge proper, may ex- hort those present to reflect Ofk the shortness and un- certainty of human life; and to prepare for death, judgment, and eternity. Let us }>ray. Almighty and most merciful God. in whose hands are the iss lea of life and death; and be- fore whose- bar v. <* shall all stand, and give an account of the drrds done in the body; we be- seech thee to grant unto us, at all times, a salu- 94 BURIAL OF THE DEAD. iary conviction of the frailty of life, and our great responsibility to thee, the judge of quick and dead. In the midst of life we are in death; we come up and are cut down like a flower; we flee as a shadow, and never continue in one stay. Death, judgment and eternity are just before us, and of whom may we seek protection and grace, but of thee, most merciful God, who hath re- deemed us with the most precious blood of Christ, that we might be delivered from the pow- er of sin and the fear of death, and be made heirs of eternal life. We humbly confess, righteous Father, that we have sinned, and come short of thy glory. We have been undutiful children; slothful ser- vants; and unfaithful stewards of the manifold mercies of God. Be merciful, Lord, to our unrighteousness, pardon our sins, and raise us from a death of sin to a life of righteousness, through faith in our Lord Jesus Christ, who hath said; I am the resurrection and the life, he that believeth in me, though he were dead, yet shall he live; and whosoever liveth and believeth in me shall not die eternally, We beseech thee, Father of all our mer- cies, and giver of every good and perfect gift, to grant us grace whereby we may serve thee acceptably, with reverence and godly fear, all our days; looking for the blessed hope, and glorious appearing of the great God and our Saviour Jesus Christ, to judge the world in righteousness \n. HI he hour i in winch all that arc m their n of God, tod Bhall come forth; they that hare done good, to ili«' resurrection of life, and they that ( , to the i :i of i "ii.icni- nation. I iiH ted, that any ol na shouli i" the bitter pains of the second death; bul grant thai when we depart this tran- iii iv die in possession of trium- phant faith, and rest in Christ And, at the last day, he found ptable in thy sight, and receive that blessing which thy well belt « ed Son shall then pronounce to all that love am. come, ye • d of my fatfajer, receive the kingdom pre- pan . fin tiie begin n in i oi the world. nly Father, ijrant that tin- di D of thy righteous providence :ied to th of all present. May dui warning, and consider the shortness and uncertainty of human life; the solemnith i, and the awful realities of eternity; and prepare u> meet thee m the judg- ment. May the relatives of tl • 1 n ■ >t sorrow as those who have no hope, hut have urace to submit t«» th) will, and he fully pre- pared to say the Lord gave and the L<>nl hath taken away., blessed be the name of the Lord. Bern diction. The grace of our Lord Jeans Christ, the love i 96 BURIAL OF THE DEAD. of God and the fellowship of the Holy Spirit re- main with us, now and for ever. Amen. When the corpse is deposited in the grave, and the sexton is returning the earth, the minister may repeat one or more of the following passages. Dust thou art, and unto dust thou shalt re- turn. It is appointed unto all men once to die, and after that the judgment. Blessed and holy are they who have part in the first resurrection, on such the second death hath no power: but they shall be priests of God, and of Christ, and shall reign with him forever. God will wipe all tears from tneireyes, and there shall be no more death; neither sorrow nor weeping; neither shall there be any more pain; for the former things have passed away. Eye hath not seen, nor ear heard, neither hath it entered into the heart of man, the things which God hath prepared for them that love him. Blessed are they that keep his commandments, that they may have a right to the tree of life, and may enter in through the gates into the city. Precious in the sight of the Lord is the death, of his saints. 1)7 rORM AND MANNER Of ORDAINING DEACONS. On the day appointed for tin; ordination, an appropriate sermon or exhortation shall be de- livered. After which, one of the elders shall read aloud the names of those to be ordained deacons, who shall respectively answer and pre- sent themselves before the ministers appointed to perform the ordination. One of the elders shall then read (he following passages: "Likewise must the deacons be grave, not double-tongued, not given to much wine, not greedy of filthy lucre; holding the mystery of the faith in a pure conscience. And let these also first be proved; then let them use the office of a deacon, being found blameless. Even so must their wives be grave, not slanderers, sober, faithful in all things. Let the deacons be the husbands of one wife, ruling their children and their own houses well. For they that have used the office of a deacon well, purchase to them- selves a good degree, and great boldness in the faith which is in Christ Jesus. 1 Tim. iii. 8 — 13. i Let another of the elders say to the persons about to be ordained: Beloved brethren, for as much as the holy icriptures command, that we should not be hasty 9 98 ORDINATION OF DEACONS. in laying on hands, and admitting persons to min- ister in the church of Christ, therefore, before we admit y-ou to the office of deacon in the church of God, we will examine you in the pre- sence of this congregation, and receive your answers to the following questions: Are you fully persuaded that the holy scrip- tures contain sufficiently all doctrine required of necessity for eternal salvation? And will you out of the same holy scriptures instruct the peo- ple, and teach and maintain, nothing as of necessity required for salvation, but that which you shall be persuaded may be proved by them? Will you faithfully exercise yourself in the study of the holy scriptures, and call upon God by prayer for the true understanding of the same, so that you may be able, to teach and exhort with wholesome doctrine, and to withstand and convince gainsayers? Will you deny all ungodliness and worldly lusts, and live soberly, righteously, and godly in this world, that you may shew yourself in all things a worthy example to the flock of Christ? Will you diligently endeavor to teach and discipline your family according to the doctrine of the Gospel, and make them, as much as in you lieth, examples to others? Will you strive to maintain, quietness, peace and love among all christian people, and especially among them who are committed to your care? OHDIN \ i ion 09 Di AOONti ffi) Almighty God, gtter of ever) good and por- gift, mercifully behold these thj servants, now lbl :i part for the oilier and work of deacons in thy church. Grail! bo to replenish them wfth the truth of thy doctrine, and adorn then with innOCency of life, that both by word and (rood example, they may faithfully serve the church in this otlice, to the glory of thy name, and the edification of thy people, through the merits of our Saviour Jesus Christ. Amen. The ciders present shall then lay their hands K rt rally upon the head of every one that receiveth the order of deacon, the receivers remaining on their knees, for the convenience of the ordainers. The president pronouncing aloud the following words: The Lord pour upon thee the Holy Spirit, for the office and work of a deacon, committed unto thee by the election of thy brethren, and by the imposition of our hands. Be thou faithful. Give heed unto reading, exhortation and doctrine; be diligent, that thy advancement in grace and knowledge, may be manifest unto all men, and that thou mayest save thyself and those that hear thee. The president shall then deliver to every one of them the Bible in his hands, saying: We acknowledge thy authority to preach this 100 ORDINATION OF DEACONS. word, and to assist the elder in the administra- tion of the ordinances in the church of God. We charge thee before God, and the Lord Jesus Christ, who shall judge the quick and the dead, preach the word, be instant in season, out of season. Reprove, rebuke, exhort with all long suffering and doctrine. Then shall the president say: Let us pray. Most merciful Father, we beseech thee to grant unto these thy servants, now set apart to the office of deacon, thy heavenly blessing; and so indue them with thy holy spirit, that they, preaching thy word, may not only be earnest to reprove, beseech, and exhort, with all patience and long suffering; but also, may be to such as believe, wholesome examples, in doctrine, in conversation, in love, in faith, in charity, in purity; that faithfully fulfilling their course, at the last day, each may receive a crown of right- eousness, laid up by the Lord, the righteous Judge, who liveth and reigneth one God with the Father and the Holy Ghost, world without end. Assist us, Lord, in all our doings with thy most gracious favor, and further us with thy con- tinued help, that in all our works, begun, con- tinued and ended in thee, we may glorify thy holy name; and finally, by thy mercy obtain ev- ORDINATION Of ELDERS. 10 I evlasting life, 1 1 1 r « » 1 1 i_r 1 1 JeSQfl ( ' 1 1 r i s t our Lord. Amrn. The peace of God, which passeth all under- standing, ke< p your hearts and minds in the knowledge and love of God, and of his Son Jesus Christ oui Lord; and the blessing of God A t in iirht \ , tlif Father, tin; Son and the Holy Ghost, be with yon always. Amen. FORM AND MANNER OF ORDAINING ELDERS. On the day of ordination a sermon or exhorta- tion shall be delivered: alter which one of the elders shall read aloud the names of the persons to be ordained, who shall answer respectively, and present themselves before the ministers ap- pointed to perform the ordination. One of the ciders shall then read the following passages of Holy writ. "And Jesus came, and spake unto them, say- ing, All power is given unto me in heaven and IA earth. Go ye therefore and teach all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost. Teaching them to observe all things whatsoever I have commanded you: and lo, I am with vou alwav, 9* 103 ORDINATION OF ELDERS. even unto the end of the world. Amen." — Matt. xxviii. 18—20. "But unto every one of us is given grace ac- cording to the measure of the gift of Christ. Wherefore he saith, when he ascended up on high, he led captivity captive, and gave gifts un- to men. Now that he ascended, what is it but that he also descended first into the lower parts of the earth? He that descended is the same also that ascended up far above all heavens, that he might fill all things. And he gave some apos- tles; and some prophets; and some evangelists; and some pastors and teachers. For the per- fecting of the saints / for the work of the minis- try, for the edifying of the body of Christ. Till we all come in the unity of the faith, and of the knowledge of the Son of God, unto a perfect man, unto the measure of the stature of the ful- ness of Christ. — Eph. iv. 7 — 13. "This is a true saying, if a man desire the of- fice of a bishop, he desireth a good work. A bishop then must be blameless, the husband of one wife, vigilant, sober, of good behaviour, given to hospitality, apt to teach. Not given to wine, no striker, not greedy of filthy lucre; but patient; not a brawler, not covetous. One that ruleth well his own house, having his children in subjection with all gravity. (For if a man know not how to rule his own house, how shall he take care of the church of God?) Not a novice, lest being lifted up with pride he fall into the condemnation of the devil. Moreover, he must have a good report of them which are without; ORB!* AT I ON Of ELDERS. 103 |gal he fall into reproach and the snare of the devil."— 1 Tim. 1—7. Another of the elders shall say to the persons about to he ordained* Beloved brethren, forasmuch as the holy scrip- tures command, that we should not be hasty in laying on hand-, and admitting persons to min- ister in the church of Christ, therefore, beforo ire admit you to the office of elder in the church of God, ire will examine yon in the presence of this congregation, and receive your answers to the following questions. Are you rally persuaded, that the holy scrip- tures contain sufficiently all doctrine required of necessity for eternal salvation? and will you out of the sann 1 holy scriptures instruct the peo- < pie, and teach and maintain nothing, as of ne- iv required lor salvation, but that which you shall be persuaded may be proved by them? Will you faithfully exercise yourself in the study of the holy scriptures, and call upon God, by prayer, for the true understanding of the same, so that you may be able to teach and exhort with wholesome doctrine, and to withstand and convince gains-; Will you deny all ungodliness and worldly lusts, and live soberly, righteously, and godly in this present world, that you may .-hew yourself in all things a worthy example to the flock or Christ? Will you diligently endeavour to teach and discipline your family according to the doctrine 104 ORDINATION OF ELDERS. of the gospel, and make them, as much as in you lieth, examples to others? Will you strive to maintain, quietness, peace and love among all christian people, and especially among them who are committed to your care? Let us pray. All shall now kneel before God, and the elder shall say. Almighty God, giver of every good and perfect gift, mercifully behold these thy servants now- set apart for the office and work of elders in thy church. Grant so to replenish them with the truth of thy doctrine, and adorn them with in- nocency of life, that both by word and good ex- ample, they may faithfully serve the church in this office, to the glory of thy name, and the edi- fication of thy people, through the merits of our Saviour Jesus Christ. Amen. The elders present shall then lay their hands severally upon the head of every one that receiveth the order of elder, the receivers remaining on their knees, for the convenience of the ordainers. The President pronouncing" aloud the following* words. The Lord pour upon thee the Holy Spirit for the office and work of an elder, committed unto thee by the election of thy brethren, and the im- position of our hands, and be thou faithful. ORDINVTION OV ELDLRS. 10G TVie president shall then deliver to each one of them the Bible in kit hands, saying, We acknowledge thy authority to preach this word, and to administer tha ordinances in the church of Christ. Feed the flock df God, taking the oversight thereof; not as a Lord over God's heritage, but being an example to the flock. And when tho chief ihepherd shall appear thou shalt receive a crown of glory, that fadeth not away. Then shall the president say: Let us pray: Most merciful Father, we beseech thee to grant unto these thy servants, now set apart to the office of elder, thy heavenly blessing; and so indue them with thy Holy Spirit, that they, preaching thy word, may not only be earnest to reprove, beseech, and exhort with all patience and long suffering; but also may be to such as believe, wholesome examples in doctrine, iu conversation, in love, in faith, in charity, in pu- rity; that faithfully fulfilling their course, at the last day each one may receive a crown of righteousness laid up by the Lord, the righteous Judge, who liveth and rigneth one God with the Father and the Holy Gho^t, world without end. Assist us, Lord, in all our doings, with thy I" most precious favour, and further us with thy 106 ORDINATION OF ELDERS. continued, and ended in thee, we may glorify thy holy name, and finally, by thy mercy, ob- tain everlasting life, through Jesus Christ our Lord. Amen. Benediction. The peace of God, which passeth understand- ing, keep your hearts and minds in the love of God, and of his Son, Jesus Christ, our Lord; and the blessing of God Almighty, the Father, the Son, and the Holy Ghost, be with you, al- ways. Amen. BOUNDARIES oV THE RESPECTIVE DISTRICTS. 1 Tin Vermont District, Shali commence at the south east corner of the stat(> iA Vermont; thence west to Lansuag- burgonthe Northriver, thence up the same and along the ('anal by Whitehall and Lake Cham- plain, to the Canada line; thence east to the near corner of New Hampshire, and from thence to the beginning. 2 The Boston District, 8 tall include New Hampshire, Massachusetts, Rhode Island and Connecticut. 8 Niw York and L<»wer Canada District. Lowqt C in ad a, including all the islands in Lake Champlain to Whitehall, and along the Canal to Troy: thence west to Lake Ontario; thence north with the Lake, and the river St, Lawrence, to the Canada line. 4 The Gennessee District, Shall be bounded on the east and south, by the Xew York and Pennsylvania Districts; on the west and north by Lake Ontario, and Lake Erie. C> Tin; New York District, Shall commence at New Brunswick; thence by a straight line to the Delaware river, opposite Eas- ton, thence north to the interrection of the line* 108 BOUNDARIES OF THE of Pennsylvania, New Jersey and New York; thence along the state line of New York to the boundary of the Gennessee Conference; thence on the east line crossing Connecticut river, so as to embrace the city of New York, and to Norwalk, and persuing south with the East river, to the place of beginning. 6 The Pennsylvania District, Shall include all that state east of the Sus- quehanna river, the states of Delaware and New Jersey, not embraced in the New York District, and all the Eastern Shore of Maryland, above the Sassafras river. 7 The Maryland District, Includes all the state of Maryland except Ce- cil county. The District of Columbia, Acco- mack, Northampton, Fairfax, Prince William, Loudoun, Fauquier, Jefferson, Berkeley, Frede- rick, Hampshire and Hardy counties in Virginia; and bounded on the west by the Alleghany Mountains, to the western branch of the Susque- hannah river in Pennsylvania; thence down the river to Havre-de grace. 8 The East Virginia DrsTRicr, Includes all the state of Virginia, East of the Alleghany Mountains, except the counties at- tached to the Maryland District. 9 The North Carolina District, Shall include all the state of North Carolina. Ill iPKC 1 I\ | MM HIC1S. 109 10 Tin; Tinm BSE] District Is bounded by the Alabama, Ohio, and North Carolina Districts. I 1 Tin: ftlORGIA Dli PEK i\ Shall embrace the state of Georgia, and East Florida. IS Tin; ALABAMA District, Shall embrace all the states of Alabama, Mis- sissippi and the territory of West Florida. 13 The Ohio District, Shall embrace all the state of Ohio, and those parts of Virginia and Pennsylvania, west of the Allegany Mountains, the bordering partsof Ken- tucky, Indiana, and Illinois. The presidents of adjoining Conferences may make alterations in their boundaries respecting particular places and appointments, with the consent of the societies immediately concern- ed; all which shall be laid before their approach- ing Annual Conferences for adoption or re- jection. 10 (110) Allowance to Ministers and Preachers, in the employ of the Annual Conferences* 1. The allowance of a single minister or preacher, shall be one hundred dollars per an- num, and his travelling expenses. 2. The allowance of a married minister or preacher, shall be two hundred dollars per an- num, and his travelling expenses. 3. Each child of a minister, or preacher, shall be allowed twenty dollars per annum, while the parent continues in the itinerancy; but when it shall have arrived to fourteen years of age, the annuity shall cease. Those ministers or preach- ers whose wives are deceased, shall be allow- ed for each child annually, a sum sufficient to pay its board during the above term of years, unless otherwise provided for by the circuit or station. 4. Widows of itinerant ministers or preachers, whose circumstances require it, shall be allowed one hundred dollars per annum. The orphans of ministers and preachers, who die in the itine- rancy, shall be allowed twenty dollar per annum, until they shall have arrived at fourteen years of age. 5. Superannuated ministers, # shall be allowed * A superannuated Minister is one who is worn out in the itinerant service, and incapable of preaching constantly, but is willing to perform any work in the ministry to which his strength is adequate. Ministers of this description are permitted to select their place of labour and residence, for any definite time. AI.l.ou \s< i ro MINISTERS. 111 tin* sane compensation as is made to effectiye ministers; ;m<l their widows and orphans shall be entitled to the same allowance as is made to those <>f ministers and preachers who die in the itinerancy. t>. Ministers or pr^chers, not under the sta- tionary authority of the annual conference of their district, who may be employed by an annual conference or its president, for any definite pe- riod, shall ho allowed the same rate of compensa- tion for the time of service, as is allowed to itinerant ministers or preachers. It is recommended that each annual confer- ence, at its first session, institute and organize a henevolent society, having for its object the relief and support of superannuated itinerant ministers, and the widows and orphans of those ministers and preachers who shall have died in rvice of the conference. It is also recommended, that our friends, male and female, in every circuit and station, raise Preachers 1 Aid Societies, for the purpose of as- sisting to make up the deficiencies of quarterage allowed by discipline, to ministers and preach- ers, their wives, widows, and children. ( 112) GENEHAL REGULATIONS FOR THE PUBLICATION OF BOOKS, TRACTS, &c. There shall be a Book Committee, consisting of five persons, all ministers or members of this church, whose duty it shall be to select, from time to time, such books, tracts, &c. for publi- cation, as a majority of them may deem proper; but no book shall be published without the con- sent of the book agent. The following named persons shall consti- tute the book committee, Francis Waters, James R. Williams, Samuel K. Jennings, John Chap- pell, and John H. Kennard, to serve until the sitting of the general conference of this church in May, 1834. The annual conference of the Maryland dis- trict, shall have power to fill all vacancies occuring in the committee. In the interval of . conference, the committee may fill its own va- cancies, subject, however, to the approval or re- jection of the annual conference. Brother John J. Harrod, of Baltimore, shall be book agent, and shall publish such books, tracts, &c. as may be agreed on by the book com- mittee and himself; all of which shall be sold to the conferences, preachers and members at whole- sale prices. He shall make a discount of ten per cent, from the wholesale prices, on all moneys paid to him by the conferences, preachers, and members; PUBLICATION OF BOOH 1 I -J winch ten per cetit. shall be paid over to the hook committee, to be held bj them as a book fund for the church. The funds thus raised ■hall be invested by the committee if they judge proper. The hook agent shall make an exhibit to the |ommittee, every six months, shewing the a- mount of sales made to the preachers, &c. and pay over to the committee the per centage in hand. In the event of th< 4 death or resignation of the hook audit the committee Bhall appoint another. The hook agent may place at the disposal of the respective annual conference -towards, such hooks as tin y order, and for the payment of which their respective conferences become res- ponsihle. When a conference steward is not re-elected, he shall make a full statement of all the books sold and those remaining in his district; and make a transfer to his successor, of all the books and accounts left with the preachers in the district, the amount of which shall go to his credit, and past to the debit of his successor. It shall be the duty of all the conference Stewards, having accounts open with the book agent, to pay over to him, or his agent, annual- ly, or oftener, all tin 1 moneys in their hands, or which may be due from them, rendering at the same time an account of all the hook- remain- ing in their district unsold; and it shall be the 10' 114 PUBLICATION OF BOOKS. duty of the preachers, in stations or circuits having accounts with the conference steward, to make settlement and render payment in a sim- ilar way. When a preacher leaves his station or circuit, he must settle with the conference steward for all the books he has disposed of, and make out an inventory of all that remain unsold, which shall be collected at one place: the amount shall go to his credit, and be trans- ferred to his successor who shall take charge of the same, provided the conference steward consent to the transfer. Every annual conference shall appoint a com- mittee, to examine the accounts of the confer- ence steward and preachers, in their respective stations and circuits. If any preacher or mem- ber be indebted for books or for the Mutual Rights and Methodist Protestant, and refuse to make payment, or come to a just settlement, let him be dealt with as for a breach of trust, and such measures be adopted for the recovery of such debts as shall be agreeable to the directions of the annual conferences respectively. Resolved, That the hymn book, published by brother John J. Harrod, and adopted by this convention, be used in all our churches. Resolved, That the several annual conferences be, and they are hereby most earnestly request- ed to adopt such measures, as in their wisdom they may deem most proper, for the purpose of creating additional funds, to aid in the establish- PUBLICATION of periodical. 118 mom of i book concern I'V the ensuing general conference. GENSRAL REGULATIONS FOR THE PUBLICATION OF A WEEKLY PAPER, Entitled the Mutual Rights and Methodist Protestant. There shall be B weekly periodical published in Baltimore, entitled the Mutual Rights and Methodist Protestant. The net! proceeds of the paper shall be paid over annually, to the book committee, to be invested for the purpose of raising a fund for a book concern. On the representation of any three members of the book committee, the annual conference of the Maryland district shall have power, if they judge it necessary, to remove the editor. In the evmt ot the death, removal, or resignation of the editor, the book committee shall appoint another; and the subscription list, and all books, manuscripts, accounts, &x. belonging to the paper, together with all surplus moneys, remain- ing in the hands of the editor, or his executor, shall be delivered up to the committee. The editor shall make an exhibit to the book committee every three mouths, shewing the state of the subscription list, together with his receipts and disbursements during the ouarter. 116 COURSE OF READING. Resolved, That this convention respectfully Tequest the zealous co-operation of the minis- ters, preachers, members and friends of this Church in extending the circulation of the Mu- tual Rights and Methodist Protestant. The following course of reading is prescrib- ed for candidates for the ministry in this Church: Class 1st. *The Scriptures of the Old and New Testa- ments. Dr. Adam Clarke's Commentary. Home's Introduction to the study of the Holy Scriptures. *Paley's Horae Paulinae. # Prideaux' Connexions * Wesley's Sermons and Notes. *Fletcher's Checks. Class 2d. Clarke's Evidences of Natural and Revealed Religion. 8vo. Clarke's Grotius. 8vo. *Paley's Natural Theology. *Butler's Analogy. *Paley's Evidences of Christianity. Magee on the Atonement. * Watts on the Mind. ^Hedge's Logic. cot'Rsf, op kkadino. 117 Brown's Philosophy. *Jamieson's Rhetoric. Class 3d. Watson's Institutes. Dwight's Theology. * Jones on the Trinity. *CampbelPs Lectures on Ecclesiastical His- tory. 'Mosheim's Ecclesiastical History. *Rollins Ancient History. Wells' Geography of the Old and New Tes- taments. Hannah Moore's Works. •Milton's Paradise Lost. Pollock's Course of Time. Cowper's Task. *Adam Clarke's Manual. Do. Eucharist. Constitution and Discipline of the Methodist Protestant Church. Candidates for the ministry, will be expected to read, or consult, carefully, the above books, as far as may be practicable, and at any rate to be prepared on those marked thus ( # ) previous to their admission. It is also recommended, that Butterworth's Concordance be used in the study of the Scrip- tures, and that students and preachers make themselves familiar with Insrersoll's or Kirk- 118 ham's English Grammar, and Walker's Key to the pronunciation of the proper names which occur in the Scriptures. These books should always be kept ready at hand. 119 ta ^ s a 6 N ■ »8 i </f g >: ^ l" w $ | B O — R IS *> 5 8 Jr | •5* i w o o *> *- L, bJ o > • o Q) ■^j w X A, « <* g CO -• o o *1 & & o 2 0) CO c 6 o al C 1 J is 1 1 £ 9 of 3 o 5 £ « | ^ 5 R & « "§ V nQ s B c © oo e q *2 § ° § 1 a 2 $ c *> G b* ■ « s g o © < y h CO r ^ f CO QD o ■ »S s ^3 Q i— ( - k 1 '■• 3* $ J 1 ~ a. 120 o o .5 g ^ ©X) ^ "» •SJS §< s £ ^ Pi*. Hi w *S a » J 8 £ *** S v. *r » 2» ej 5> I J 8* SO 8 1 *fe 8 W I 8 2 >> a 3 *«5 "S 5^ 4 b |C CO CO 3 121 o o 1 a? Q o b - 5 I S * i g t 1 I ■ i F k vt cc 9 3 i-3 P S *- Q ~ v 11 J. 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J c o r i i k* * t£ B C l l ^r 1 - - c fc >~» i <h ■ d '6 H G> | i "3 q — s >^ JQ 4-1 no C* o N o" V •^ 00 -^ C p^ o ,2 d ,2 hf c d i o B ** s Q g 5" C/3 p , d c ro 00 o -2 „ c C s iO >- a. /. w bD 9 I o d NH ■ 1 2 1* -c ** O • o TO THE MINISTERS AND MEMBERS OF THE METHODIST PROTESTANT CHURCH. Beloved brethren, it is matter of unspeakable joy and gratitude, that, under the control and blessing of Almighty God, the deliberations of our convention have been brought to so favour- able an issue. We are now sacredly confeder- ated in virtue of an instrument, which has been the result of much intense and candid reflection and dijcussion; and which is based, we humbly trust, on the clearest principles of the natural and religious rights of man. Our moral regula- tions have also been carefully and studiously framed in view of the precepts and authority of the sacred canon, and will be found, we hope, to be sustained by that high sanction. All ecclesiastical regulations and discipline should definitively have for their object the im- provement of man in virtue and happiness. Such, we are informed is positively the design 129 of the inspired writings, "that the toan of Gkfd mav fee perfect, thoroughly for Dished unto all good works.'' It is clear frottl the doctrine of the holy scriptures, thai divine truth is not only intended for the purposes of illumination and conviction, but also for spiritual influence and sanctification: and that the nature and sincerity of faith must ever be tested by an affectionate and holy obedience. If ye love me, says our Saviour, keep my commandments. This princi- ple, which is never questioned in regard to the positive precepts of revelation, certainly operates with proportionate authority and reason in all those rules of moral and religious conduct, which, although not literally and explicitly prescribed in the gospel, are notwithstanding to be inferred from it by a fair and obvious construction. We now allude to those plain and reasonable duties of religion which we have thought proper to de- nominate means of grace, which we have con- nected as such in our church ritual with others of divine and positive institution, and the ob- servance of all which would no doubt greatly contribute to our growth and improvement in christian knowledge and excellence. The character of a good man consists essen- tially of good and upright principles, and that 130 character can be known and appreciated only by the virtues which unfold and display it. For us then to be esteemed true believers, we must have and cultivate the genuine faith of the gospel, and to merit justly the distinguishing name of the disciples of Christ, it doubtless becomes us to exemplify the spirit and temper of his holy reli- gion. As christians it plainly behooves us to be sound in the pure doctrines of Christianity, steadfast in the faith which was once delivered to the saints, careful and instructive in example and deportment, diligent in improving all the means of spiritual attainment, watchful and so- licitous for the welfare of our brethren, and zeal- ous to promote and extend in every possible man- ner the cause and glory of the Redeemer. All these high objects and incitements seem measura- bly at least presented and secured to us by the labours of the convention. Let us now, for a moment, bestow a serious thought upon the daily and uniform example, which, as the followers of Christ, and the mem- bers of our highly favoured fellowship, it is pro- videntially made our duty and glory to display, whilst we more particularly consider the great practical utility of those means of grace which have been so wisely and happily adopted for the 131 promotion of oui spiritual improvement and comn fort I. The study of the holy scriptures. Ilorc but a few words are sufficient. No man, unleea he kn<>\\s and understands his duty, can dis- charge it as a virtue, and with acceptance to God. This position is clear and incontroverti- ble. Our Saviour has Biated it in a plain and emphatic declaration; if ye know these things, happy are ye, if yo db them. So far then as duty is concerned] fre acknowledge od all hands, that ♦he Bible is the ureal, and sutlicient source of light and instruction to us on every point of faith and practice. Hut this -acred Book we Bhould read and study, not only to make us wise in the M-iencc of salvation, to fiirnish us with the rea- sons and evidences of our faith, and with argu- ments to refute and repel the cavils of gainsay- ers, but also to sustain and console us, with its rich and abundant promises, on every occasion of mental depression and conflict. Says the Psalmist, thy word i- a lamp unto my feet, and a light unto my path. Unless thy law had been my delight, I should have perished in min< lliction. Such is the testimony of an an< servant of God, a testimony, which has bei D gracioi^ly repeated and realised a thousand times 132 in every age of the church. Let us all therefore make it a point of duty to read the word of God daily, and implore the divine blessing upon our meditations, that his word may do us good, as it doth the upright in heart. 2. The worship of God. 1. Private prayer. It is recommended from the experience of pious and good men in all ages, as well as from the holy scriptures, that the people of God have daily their hours and seasons for mental retirement and devotion. This is a duty which, in view of its absolute necessity to the inward discipline and comfort of the soul, and its many other ad- vantages, ought always to be punctually attend- ed to, and never neglected; and which should in a manner be estimated as the special medium of personal intercourse and communion with God* Not only is the duty assigned and expressly in- culcated by Christ, but also its peculiar blessings and fruits he has most distinctly marked out and portrayed. No one indeed can justly value the benefits of private prayer, but every one, who has ever been regularly and habitually engaged in this duty, knows well, to his pain and condem- nation, how soon, upon the desertion of his clo- set, his soul has declined in the spirit and enjoy- ment of religion. Let every one of our mem- 183 bers thru be found itatedlj and punctually, three or four tines in the day, upon his knee- before God, and it will evidently appear how God re- wards hi^ people openly, and honours with his favour and blessing those who honour him. 2. Family worship. This is all important to the purposes of famil y religion, and good domes- tic order and government. The effect* produced thereby upon the minds of children and do- mestics, and the comfort imparted by the same means to the heads of families themselves, are really incalculable. The voice of rej >\c i »ilt and salvation i^ in the tabernacles of the righteous. Is this the testimony of eternal truth? Let it not then be said of us, beloved brethren, that there is one household throughout our community in which the parents, and children, and servants, are not regulatly presented before God, morning and evening, in offices of prayer and praise. On this subject, let none plead the want of talent or experience. It is the offering of the heart which God appreciates and accepts; and no doubt, the special blessing of heaven will de- scend upon that family, wherein a portion of the scriptures only is re; id as an cere homage and devotion to the Almighty. 3. The house of God. That kind of influ- 12 134 ence which family religion, regularly maintain- ed, exerts over the domestic circle, the public worship of God, duly and statedly celebrated, extends over the community at large. Agreea- bly to the very spirit and nature of a religious profession, as well as the express letter of the New Testament, it must certainly be admitted, that every member of the church is held respon- sible to attend the services of the house of God. Forsake not the assembling of yourselves to- gether, is a positive and sacred command. Where even two or three are met together in my name, there am I in the midst of them, is a pro- mise equally delightful and encouraging. As we then regard the authority of Jesus Christ; as we value means which God himself has instituted and blessed a thousand times over; as we feel solicitous for the influence of Christianity upon public opinion, and public morals; as we are con- cerned for the conversion of our children and our friends; as we are deeply interested for the revival, and spread of the work of grace under our ministry, and the extending prosperity of our beloved Zion; as we hold all of these objects dear to our hearts, let every Methodist Protes- tant be always ready to enter in at the sanctuary 136 of Jehovah, ami be seen in his proper place on the Lord's day. In tikis connexion, we may make a remark upon the duty of punctual and devoutattendance on those more intimate and social fellowships, known amongst us, bv the name of c!a-s meet- ings. The importance and advantages of this means of grace are not now left to await the re- port of experiment. The edification and com- fort derivable from them, their peculiar adapta- tion to unfold and improve the varieties and vi- cissitudes of religious experience, their precise accommodation to all the diversified shades of christian trial, and christian character, can only be duly estimated by such as have mingled in those interesting and heavenly scenes and occa- sions, where the disconsolate have been relieved and blessed; the broken hearted penitent has found the Saviour of sinful men; the weak and tempted have been strengthened and delivered; the doubting confirmed, and the faithful people of God have taken sweet counsel together, and felt their cup of spiritual joy to be full and over- flowing. If, in any respect, christian brethren, these meetings have degenerated under our notice and observation, it remains lor us to endeavour, with 136 the blessing of God, to revive them according to the genuine spirit of their original intention and tested excellence, and thus secure to our fellow- ship the benefits of an institution, which God has so signally blessed to thousands both in Europe and America. 3. The Lord's supper. Is it necessary to state the importance and obligation of frequenting this means of grace? Surely it is enough, that Christ himself instituted this holy and distin- guishing ordinance of the New Testament, at the most affecting and impressive period of his earth- ly history; and has solemnly enjoined the obser- vation of it upon every member of his church. This do ye in remembrance of me. For as often as ye eat this bread, and drink this cup, ye do show the Lord's death, till he come. Such are the interesting views given us of this subject in the sacred scriptures, and who can read them, and much more, who can approach the memori- als of his Saviour's sufferings and death, with- out having his heart deeply penetrated with a sense of the great and destructive evil of sin, and his faith and hope elevated exclusively to that Redeemer, who was wounded for our transgressions, and bruised for our iniquities? Let us therefore, beloved brethren, with constancy 11? and holy delight, honour, on all occasions, this positive institution of our divine master. 4. Patting or abstinence, as a christian duty and a means of grace, claims unquestionable re- spect from everj professor of religion. Whether used for the purposes of health, lor personal mortification anil self-denial, as a fit occasion of appropriately and seriously considering the po- verty and distress which afflict so many thou- sands of our race, a- a means of weakening and subduing our eartl \j affections, or a season of supplicating the blessing oi God, in view of any especial object — i<>v any which purpoft it may properly be used — this kind of discipline will often be found of great and salutary service to the soul. The frequency oi resorting to this means of grace must be left, to a great extent, with the conscience and judgment of the indivi- dual himself; but still we hope that it will be the practice generally, throughout our fellowship, to observe with due respect the Friday preceding each quarterly meeting, as a day of lasting or ab- stinence, and prayer. 5. Having said thus much about the means of grace, we would now aiVectionately claim vour attention to some other subjects of a more moral nature, but yet of scarcely less importance and 10- ' 138 concern. 1. The religious education of our children. This duty seems, in some sense, to be taught and inculcated by the very suggestions of nature, in that instinctive solicitude which the parent feels to protect and provide for the wel- fare of his offspring in every possible manner. In the Holy Scriptures, at least, it is mostpositively enjoined, and, with the reasons there furnished for the necessity and character of the claim, it must recommend itself to every man's con- science in the sight of God. Here then, it is not too much to say, revelation and nature conspire to command and engage our strictest attention. The subject is also rendered more sacred, if pos- sible, and dearer to our affections, from the fact, that our church now recognizes the children of its members as solemnly dedicated to God in baptism, and as fit subjects of religious instruc- tion, and pastoral oversight. We hope that none of us will be indifferent to this excellent and judicious arrangement, but that all will ap- preciate and improve it as a means by which our children may, under God's blessing, be safely conducted to the knowledge of himself; that our sons may be as plants grown up in their youth; and that our daughters may be as corner-stones, polished after the similitude of a palace. 188 2. The ncred observance of the sabbath day. Already we have expressed a sincere hope, that every member of oorchurch will be punctual in his attendance at the bouse of (iod. Besides this, we trust that all will be concerned to hold up the sabbath throughout, as a day of sacred rest from any worldly employment, or any- worldly recreation and amusement; and to re- vere and observe it as a day which God himself hath blessed and hallowed. A caution of this kind, and due respect to it from us individually, we think the more necessary and seasonable at this time, as, in the rapid improvements of the present age, by steam, and other mechanical contrivances, the facilities of travelling and visit- ing, and the objects of curiosity, are so multipli- ed and varied, that the professors of religion have need of constant care, that they do not, under such illusive and ensnaring pretences, fall into the spirit and customs of the world. Let the members of our church know that they are called to be a. holy people. 3. The medicinal use of ardent spirits. Rea- sons analogous to those just offered on the last point, might here be applied and urged why, as the followers of Christ, we should be infinitely vigilant against an evil, which is ever so ready 140 to creep upon us under the guise of necessity; and why, as the friends not only of religion but humanity, we should employ our united efforts to discourage and annihilate a fatal custom, which has ruined, and is still ruining, here and hereafter, thousands of immortal beings. It has been well said, that there would be no intemper- ate men, if there were not at first temperate men. This truth we would do well to remember at all times, and to give it as much practical influence as possible upon the community. In the use of the article now under- consideration, long expe- rience has shown that there is scarce any such thins as a safe and innocent medium. As a me- dicine, it may be used, under the advice of a skil- ful physician, but even then, like other medi- cines, sparingly and unfrequently, to be of any salutary and permanent service. We pray then, that our people may individually show an instruc- tive and forcible example on this subject, and be forward and active to promote, at least by coun- sel and practice, the exertions now making in many parts of American Christendom, to lessen and ultimately extirpate a vice, which has blight- ed so many brilliant minds, caused so much pub- lic and domestic calamity and distress, and sent Ill to the wtrld of perdition and despair such num- bers of invaluable soul*. 4. In addition to wh.it has been said, we would now make a remark or two on the cultivation of a proper and characteristic christian spirit and temper. This is doubtless necessary amongst ourselves, and also in relation to the numerous and growing religious fraternities with which we are partlv surrounded, and in which we partly mingle, and all of which are alike engaged, as we charitably hope, in the one great cause of ex- tending the Redeemer's name and glory. Of others let us judge, and towards them let us act, at all times, upon the enlighted principles of chris- tian respect, forbearance, and liberality. Amongst ourselves let us ever be careful and solicitous to cherish and maintain good feeling and union. We are indeed brethren — of the same fold — en- joying one common altar — engaged in the same important and sublime concern — and professing common views of doctrine, of discipline and go- vernment. In view of these interesting facts permit us now to suggest, that we endeavour on all occasions, to preserve within ourselves, and promote in each other, the genuine and amiable spirit of the gospel of peace; ami, where circum- stances will possibly admit, that we adjust and 142 settle any difficulties which may occur in the transactions of business by a fair and mutual ar- bitration, without recourse to those legal proceed- ings which are so apt to engender a litigious tem- per, and to spoil the quiet and comfort of social as well as religious life. 6. We feel confident, beloved brethren, that you will not think that we have insisted too strongly upon the importance of our attending punctually to the means of grace, and the consis- tency of our exemplifying, on all occasions, a cor- responding religious character and deportment. We have said so much chiefly to awaken season- able recollections, and to enkindle sacred and fervent resolutions, in regard to duties and con- cerns of equal moment and interest to us all. For the rising hopes and prosperity of our infant Zion, and the diffusion and influence of scriptu- ral holiness under our ministry, certainly we all should feel and cultivate a deep and common solicitude. All the institutions of the church, and all its operations, literary, moral and reli- gious, should be subjects of our daily reflections and prayers. But it is a plain case, that no man will feel or can feel, a proper interest in the prosperity of the church, who enjoys not himself a heartfelt com- [43 mtraion with God. Hence personal piety, in- ward holiness, is the paramount concern after all. Without charity, without the love of God in the soul, all eloquence, enterprise, influence, toil or hardship, all i< no- thing: a sounding brass, or a tinkling cymbal, of no price in the sight of God, of no real worth to man. Let every one of us, therefore, covenant now with God, to endeavour, with his assisting and supporting grace, to attain a deeper acquaint- ance with divine things, to ha lind which u;h in <» ir great living Head, to seek those things winch art above, where Christ sitteth on the right hand of (rod. to walk in the light as he is in the light, to have no fellowship with the un- fruitful works of darkness; but to wrestle with God night and day, for an increase of personal piety, and the gracions and abundant out-pour- m_ - of his good spirit. Let every member con- sider himself a fellow-citizen with the saints, and of the househ >ld of God, and as Buoh, prize his glorious callings, and improve his peculiar privi- leges as a child of God. Let every minister study to show himself ap- proved unto God, a workman that needeth not to be ashamed, rightly dividing the word of truth: saying in the language of the prophet, For 144 Zion's sake will I not hold my peace, and for Jerusalem's sake 1 will not rest, until the right- eousness thereof go forth as brightness, and the salvation thereof, as a lamp that burneth. And when the chief shepherd shall appear, ye all shall receive a crown of glory that fadeth not away. Surely, brethren, this is the day which the Lord hath made; we will rejoice and be glad in it: save now, we beseech thee, Lord; Lord, we beseech thee, send now prosperity. RECOMMENDED By the Book Committee, that the following be the general regulations in the creation of Colleges. When it is determined by an annual confer- ence to organize a college, let the President of the district, at the direction of the conference, open and carry round a subscription book; and when he shall have received subscriptions, equal to two thirds of the supposed cost of the neces- sary buildings, &,c. let him call upon each cir- cuit and station, within the district, to appoint one member of a building committee. When the building committee shall be appointed by the circuits and stations, make it their duty to 146 meet tit some central part of the district, prepare a plan for the buildings, and select an eligible scite; and in due tune have tlie buildings erect- ed, and pay for the same out of the moneys subscribed and collected. Let it also be the duty of the committee to appoint, by ballot, trustees to hold the proper- ty, by charter of the state, for the purposes con- templated in its obtainment. When the trustees are elected, let them have power to become incor- porated; to elect a president and faculty to con- duct the studies of the college; and to fix their compensation and periods of service; to regulate the charges of tuition; and, with the assistance of the president and facility of the college, to make such rules and regulations for the govern- ment of the institution, as they may deem requi- site. Let the annual conference of the district have power to fill all vacancies that may occur in the board of trustees, by death, resignation or other- wise. And to require an annual exhibit to the conference of the true state and condition of the college, and such other information as may be deemed necessary, or desirable. 13 INDEX TO THE CONSTITUTION. Page Elementary principles, - - - 14 ARTICLE I. Title. Methodist Protestant Church, 15 ARTICLE II. Terms of Membership. Sec. I. Terms of membership, - - " " II. State of probation, 16 M III. Children recognised as enjoying probationary privileges, - " ARTICLE III. Division into Districts, Circuits, and Stations. Sec. I. Division into districts, - - 16 u II. Division of districts into circuits and stations, " " III. Ministers, preachers, and mem- bers entitled to membership in any other district, circuit, or station, 17 INDEX TO CONSTITUTION. 1 ij Page ARTICLE IV. On receiving Churches, §c. 17 Sec. I. Manner of receiving churches, - " II. What constitutes an individual church; and of dividing into classes, - " III. Powers of individual churches, 18 11 IV. Churches must conform to the constitution, and book of disci- pline, - ARTICLE V. Leaders' Meeting. Sec. I. Composition of the leaders' meet- ing, ARTICLE VI. Quarterly Conference. Sec I. Composition of the Quarterly con- ference, - - - - H 11 II. Powers of the quarterly confer- ence, 19 ARTICLE VII. Composition and powers of the Annual Confer- ences. Sec I. Composition of the annual confer- ences, 20 11 II. Powers of the annual conferences, C( 11 III. Power granted to the annual con- ferences to raise and collect 148 INDEX TO CONSTITUTION. Page funds to meet the expenses of the itinerant preachers, - 21 Sec. IV. Additional duties, 1. To make special rules and re- gulations, - 2. To regulate the mode of sta- tioning the preachers, 3. To make rules and regulations for the admission and govern- ment of coloured persons; and terms of suffrage for them, " ARTICLE VIII. Composition of the General Conference, 22 Sec. I. Time and place of holding the ge- neral conference, " " II. Composition of the general con- ference, - " III. Manner of electing the represen- tatives to the general confe- rence, - " u IV. Manner of electing the president and secretaries, &c. - 23 " V- Representatives to vote separately, at the call of three members, " VI. Yeas and nays, 24 iC VII. The general conference shall publish its journal, " " VIII. Preservation of books, papers, &c. " INDEX TO CONSTITUTION* 1 10 ARTICLE IX Powers of the (lateral Conference, 21 •Sec. I. The general conference to have power to make rules and regu- lations, - " 11 II. To fix compensations, duties, and allowances; and devise ways and means for raising funds, " 11 III. To regulate the number of repre- sentatives, by ratio, for the ge- neral conference, u IV. To define and regulate the boun- daries of annual conference districts, - ARTICLE X. Restrictions on the Legislative Assemblies. SS5 Sec I. No rule to be passed which shall contravene any law of God, M u II. No rule to be passed infringing the right of suffrage, eligibility, &,c " M III. No rule to be passed infringing the liberty of speech or of the press, - " 11 IV. No rule to be passed authorizing the expulsion of ministers or members, except founded on the holy scriptures, n " V. No rule to be passed appropriating the funds of the church except for the support of ministers, &c. 2G 150 INDEX TO CONSTITUTION. Page Sbc. VI. No higher order of ministers to be authorized, than that of elder, .... 26 cl VII. No rule to be passed to abolish an efficient itinerant ministry, or to station preachers longer than the time specified, - u " VIII. No change to be made in the relative proportions, or compo- nent parts of the general and annual conferences, " ARTICLE XI. Officers of the Church. Presidents of annual conferences, how elected, time of service, and duties, - 27 Superintendents, how appointed, see du- ties of the superintendents in the discipline, " Assistant ministers, how appointed; see duties of assistants, in the discipline, - " Ministers and preachers not under the stationing authority of the annual confer- ence, accountable to the quarterly confer- ence, -«----- " Class leaders, how elected, - - 28 Conference stewards, how elected, Station and circuit stewards, how elected, " ARTICLE XII. Suffrage and Eligibility to Office. 29 Sec I. Right of suffrage, - INDEX TO CONSTITUTION. 151 29 Sec. II. Eligibility to the general confer- ence, • 11 III. Eligibility of a delegate to the an- nual conference, and to the office of stewards, ri IV. Eligibility to the office of presi- fh'Tit of .'in •nx'o'il ©vnfLionv/c, ARTICLE XIII. Judiciary Principles, 30 Sec. I. Offences sufficient to exclude min- isters, preachers, and members, u 11 II. Neglect of duties, u 11 III. Preaching or disseminating un- scriptural doctrines, u u IV. Removal from office for mal-ad- ministration, " ARTICLE XIV. Privileges of accused Ministers and Members. Sec. I. Ministers, preachers, and members to be duly notified of time and place for trial, to have a copy of the charges and specifica- tions, power to challenge, (Sec. 31 rl II. No minister or preacher to be ex- pelled or deprived of ministe- rial functions, &.c. without im- partial trial, &x. " III. No member to be expelled or de- prived of church privileges without an impartial trial, &c. (< 152 INDEX TO CONSTITUTION. ARTICLE XV. Discipline Judiciary. Sec. I. Manner of appointing the judiciary, " II. Powers of the judiciary, - 11 III. Their decisions to be in writing, »«<J tn be published, together with reasons, - ARTICLE XVI. Special call of the General Conference. Sec I. Special meetings of the general con- ference, how called, - 11 II. Presidents of the annual confer- ences shall designate the time and place, - ARTICLE XVII. Provision for Altering the Constitution. I. General conference to have power to amend the constitution, II. General convention to have full power to alter the constitution, Page 32 Sec Power not delegated, still retained by the ministers and members of the Metho- dist Protestant Church. - 33 34 DISCIPLINE INDEX. Purr. Admission to Membership, - - 3-3 1. Probationers to be received by the su- perintendent, - 2. In stations, the leaders' meeting admit to full membership, - 3. In circuits, admittance to full member- ship is by the society, Trial of Ministers, Preachers, and Members , 36 1. Committee for the trial of ministers and preachers to be appointed by the superintendent; but he is not to go out of the limits of the district for committee men, - 2. Committee for the trial of members, to be appointed by the accused, and by the class, with right of challenge, 3. A secretary to be appointed by the com- mittee, ----- 37 4. Committee to name the penalty; the su- perintendent to carry it into effect, " 5. Notice to be given of intention to ap- peal, 6. Persons absenting themselves to be tried nevertheless, - - . " 154 INDEX TO DISCIPLINE. . Page 7. Superintendent to be notified, &c. by the president, 38 8. In cases of personal offence, the direc- tion of our Lord to be followed. Matt, xviii. 15—17. " 9. Disputes between members to be settled by arbitration, - - Leaders' meetings 39 1. To be opened with prayer, u 2. Names of all the leaders to be called over at each meeting, 3. Class book's examined quarterly, 4. Inquiry to be made into the punctuality and faithfulness of leaders, 5. List of probation to be read over once a month, - 6. Superintendent to inquire after the sick, &c. 40 7. Appropriations for relief of the poor to be made by the leaders' meeting, 8. General class meetings appointed by the leaders' meeting, - Quarterly Conference, 41 1. Organized by the appointment of a chair- man, - 2. Charges of immorality &,c. to be referred to the proper authorities, 3. Committee for examination of candi- dates, INDEX TO DISCIPLINE. 155 Page 4. Times and places of preaching fixed by the quarterly conference, 42 5. Each quarterly conference to keep a re* gister of baptisms, &,c. " 6. Superintendent to give notice of time and place for holding the succeeding quarterly conference, 7. Appeals, 8. Suspended ministers, &,c. not to offici- ate while their appeal is pending, 43 9. Ministers and preachers of other denom- inations may be received by the quarterly conference, - Annual Conference, - - - M 1. Opened by the president of the past year, M 2. To Judge of election returns, • 8. Charges of immorality, how disposed of, 44 4. No minister to be received without cer- tificate, M 5. No conference or president has power to withhold a certificate, 6. Ministers and preachers must be received by vote, - 7. Manner of transferring ministers and preachers, ----- M 8. Ministers and preachers coming from other denominations may be received by the conference, 45 9. Ministers and preachers rejected by con- ference, not to be employed by the president, except as specified, - M 156 INDEX TO DISCIPLINE. Page 10. Eligibility to deacon's orders, - 45 11. Eligibility to elder's orders, 12. In cases of missions, &x. qualification of time dispensed with, 13. Qualifications for orders, 14. Deacons' authority, - 15. Elders' authority, 46 16. Ordination, by whom performed, 17. Appeals, manner of conducting them, M 18. New trial allowed, 19. When a station or circuit may be di- vided, ----- 47 20. Conference not obliged to employ in- competent men, - - - 21. No minister or preacher to cease from his labours, except by consent of the president, - - - - - 22. Standing committee, - 23. Ministers and preachers to furnish a certificate to the conference steward, " 24. Annual conference to publish its minutes, 48 25. Extracts of minutes to be sent to the editor of Mutual Rights, &,c. 26. Public collection in time of conference, 27. No member to withdraw without per- mission, - - - - - Advice to Ministers and Preachers, 49 Duties of the superintendent, 50 1. To fill the pulpits and administer the or- dinances, - INDKX TO discipline. 157 2. To receive persons on probation, - 60 3i To visit the. clafl ... 4. To five notice of the approaching quar- terly conference, - 5. To hold love leasts, watch nights, <!yc. (>. To detain the society occasionally after preaching, 51 7. To organize the children into classes, 8. To keep a record of members, mar- riages, baptisms, &,c. 9. To report quarterly to the president, 10. To give certificates to those who de- sire to remove, - " 11. To employ ministers, 6lc. to assist him in the discharge of duty, M Duties of Class Leaders, #2 h To meet his class once a week, 2. To receive their contributions, 3. To attend the leaders meeting, 4. To visit the sick, foe. - Duties of the Conference Steward^ - 53 1. To receive the collections made to meet the expenses and claims of confer- ence, -.- M 2. To make the apportionment to the preachers, &,c. - M 3. To make out an exhibit of receipts and appropriations, - M 158 INDEX TO DISCIPLINE. Page Duties of circuit and station Stewards, - 55 1. To keep a fair account of the current re- ceipts and disbursements of the cir- cuit or station, - 2. To make the necessary provision for the Lord's supper, &,c. and to receive and apply the funds for the relief of the poor, ----- M 3. To use proper means to induce liberality in support of the gospel, 4. To take up a conference collection, sometime in the last quarter, - 56 4. To make a collection to aid the general conference, - General duties of Trustees, 1. To hold the property of individual churches, - 2. To hold periodical meetings, 3. To take care of the church property, 4. To procure or dispose of property on specified conditions, - General Rules of John and Charles Wesley, 58 Articles of Religion, 62 Publication of books, &>c. - - 112 Publication of periodical, - - - 115 Course of reading, - - - 116 Form of a license to exhort, - - 119 a license to preach, - - 120 — — — deacon's credentials, - - 121 INDEX TO DISCIPLINE. 159 J»<gl Form of elder's credentials, - 189 a certificate of membership, - 123 a certificate for an unstationed minister or preacher about to remove, " Form of a certificate for a stationed minis- ter or preacher about to remove to another district, .... 12-4 Form of a transfer, - 125 Forms of certificates of election, - - 126 Form of a marriage register, - - 127 a register of baptisms, Address to the ministers and members of the Methodist Protestant Church, 128 Recommendation for building colleges, 144 JOHN J. HARROD, BOOK AGENT METHODIST P. CHURCH, OFFERS THE FOLLOWING WORKS, Recommended by the Book Committee, for sale at the annexed prices, viz: Price, per doz. retail. Hymn Book, $4 50 i Doddridge's Rise and Progress. $4 50 Clark on the Promises, 37| Christian Pattern, $3 37 1 Mrs. Rowe's Devout Exercises, $3 37J Brown's Philosophy, 2 vols. $33 3.50 Rollings Ancient History, 8 vol. 4.00 Blair's Lectures on Rhetoric, 1.50 The books constituting the course of reading recommended in the discipline, may be had of the agent at fair prices. A general catalogue of books will be furnished shortly.